Nick Holford

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The analgesic activity of the opiate agonists etorphine and sufentanil and the antagonistic effects of diprenorphine and naloxone have been related to the occupancy of 3 classes of opiate binding sites previously defined in vivo in order to establish their pharmacological significance. Sufentanil binds specifically in vivo to the first type of site (site(More)
The concepts of disease progression are discussed in the context of neurological disorders. The importance of understanding the time course of the response to inactive (placebo) treatment is discussed. Disease progression and response to placebo treatment both need to be considered before drug effects can be reliably identified. Criteria for distinguishing(More)
Opiate receptor sites in the rat brain were defined in vivo by measuring the binding of etorphine, sufentanil, diprenorphine, and naloxone in saturation and cross-competition experiments. The binding data were analyzed simultaneously, using a computerized curve-fitting technique with an extended least-squares nonlinear regression program. Three types of(More)
The anatomical localization of benzodiazepine receptors in the human cerebellar cortex was studied using quantitative autoradiography following in vitro labelling of cryostat sections with [3H]flunitrazepam ([3H]FNZ), and the pharmacology of these receptors has been characterized by computerized, non-linear least squares regression analysis of [3H]FNZ(More)
AIMS The aim was to develop a theory-based population pharmacokinetic model of tacrolimus in adult kidney transplant recipients and to externally evaluate this model and two previous empirical models. METHODS Data were obtained from 242 patients with 3100 tacrolimus whole blood concentrations. External evaluation was performed by examining model(More)
To identify patient characteristics that influence tacrolimus individual dose requirement in kidney transplant recipients. Data on forty-four 12-h pharmacokinetic profiles from 29 patients and trough concentrations in 44 patients measured during the first 70 days after transplantation (1,546 tacrolimus whole blood concentrations) were analyzed. Population(More)
This study aims to characterize the influence of body weight and composition on the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine. Twenty obese patients and 20 non-obese patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic surgery were given dexmedetomidine infusion schemes. Venous blood samples were taken during and after dexmedetomidine administration. Population(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of possible treatment effects against a background of spontaneous recovery is a major challenge to the successful completion of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in rehabilitation research. Conventional trial outcomes such as the differences between group means of an outcome measure at a fixed time point are inefficient to an(More)