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There are high rates of depression in people with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in both community and clinical populations. A large community study reported a rate of 17% and reports for sleep clinic samples range between 21% and 41%. A large cohort study found OSA to be a risk factor for depression, but we are unaware of any longitudinal study of the(More)
OBJECTIVES Up to one in eight of the working age population receives permanent disability benefits. As little is known about the consequences of this major event, analysis aimed to compare health status before and after disability pension award. METHODS Data from the population based Hordaland Health Study (HUSK) in Norway 1997-99 (n = 18 581) were linked(More)
In 2003, the National Heart Foundation of Australia position statement on "stress" and heart disease found that depression was an important risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). This 2013 statement updates the evidence on depression (mild, moderate and severe) in patients with CHD, and provides guidance for health professionals on screening and(More)
1. Observational studies have implicated habitual sleep duration as a risk factor for mortality and morbidity. Part of this association might be mediated by obesity, which has also been associated with habitual sleep duration. These studies generate wide media attention because of the public's health concerns surrounding increasing obesity and the temporal(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome and impact of major depression in developing countries are not clear. AIMS To describe the outcome of major depression and compare the disability and patterns of service use among different outcome groups. METHOD In a case cohort study, nested within a population-based survey of 68,000 participants using the Composite(More)
BACKGROUND It is important to understand the nature of depression in non-Western and lower-income countries, but little such research exists. This study aimed to examine the characteristic features of depression in Sri Lanka, and to identify environmental risk factors. METHODS Depression diagnoses, symptoms and impairment were measured using the Composite(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Mild to moderate depression is common in those with cardiovascular disease and undertreated. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of internet-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (iCBT) on depressive symptom severity and adherence to medical advice and lifestyle interventions in adults with mild to moderate depression and high(More)
BACKGROUND Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are common but their significance is still unclear. It has been suggested they are a precursor of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia and an early indicator of cognitive decline. Vascular risk factors have an important role in the development of dementia and possibly MCI. We therefore aimed to test the(More)
BACKGROUND Case-control studies are vulnerable to selection and information biases which may generate misleading findings. AIMS To assess the quality of methodological reporting of case-control studies published in general psychiatric journals. METHOD All the case-control studies published over a 2-year period in the six general psychiatric journals(More)
OBJECTIVE Mental illness is consistently underrecognized in general health care, which may lead to underestimation of its effects on awards for social security payments. The authors investigated empirically the contribution of psychiatric morbidity to the award of disability pensions, in particular those awarded for physical diagnoses. METHOD Using a(More)