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Given the associations between chronic inflammation and epithelial cancer, we studied susceptibility to skin carcinogenesis in mice deficient for the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha (refs. 5,6). TNF-alpha(-/-) mice were resistant to development of benign and malignant skin tumors, whether induced by initiation with DMBA and promotion with TPA or by(More)
We have previously shown that a chimeric IgE antibody against the folic acid receptor (MOv18 IgE) inhibits tumor growth in a SCID mouse model of ovarian carcinoma. MOv18 IgE gave greater protection than the corresponding chimeric MOv18 IgG1. We have now confirmed these effects in a nude-mouse model of ovarian carcinoma and have demonstrated for the first(More)
The coding sequences of the core proteins p17 and p28 of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) were amplified using the polymerase chain reaction and cloned into the plasmid expression vector p-GEX-2T. Both p17 and p28 were expressed as fusion proteins with glutathione S-transferase. The recombinant proteins were affinity purified from induced(More)
One hundred eight milking goats from a dairy that had been using a modified caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) eradication program were tested for CAEV antibodies by serologic methods and for proviral CAEV DNA by use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology. All goats were free of clinical symptoms of CAEV infection. Twenty-seven of the 108(More)
We have examined the effect of a synthetic low-molecular-weight matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, [4-(N-hydroxyamino)-2R-isobutyl-3S- (thiopen-2-ylthiomethyl)-succinyl]-L-phenylalanine-N-meth yla mide (BB-94), on human ovarian carcinoma xenografts growing in nude mice. The xenografts grew as thick intraperitoneal mucinous ascites containing free-floating(More)
Incidence of seroconversion to caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) was determined for 1,194 goats on 11 dairies, using 2 repeated annual herd tests for CAEV. Current life table methods were used to compare age-specific incidence of seroconversion for pasteurized milk-raised and unpasteurized milk-raised goats. Logistic regression models were used to(More)
The major route of transmission of caprine-encephalitis virus (CAEV) is through the ingestion of CAEV-infected colostrum or milk. Less efficient routes of transmission are associated with prolonged contact with infected goats and are reviewed in this article. Prevention of CAEV is based on the removal of kids from their dam at birth, and feeding the kids(More)
A nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detecting proviral DNA of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) in biological samples was developed. Primers for both gag and pol sequences of the CAEV genome were included in a single tube for simultaneous amplification ('double' PCR), and the resulting bands were resolved visually in ethidium(More)
Log-linear methodology was used to examine relations among caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) seroreactivity and host/management factors in a cross-sectional study of 2,826 goats on 13 California dairies. The CAEV serologic status was associated with age and feeding method (pasteurized/unpasteurized milk), but not with breed. Data from a prevalence(More)
Given the associations between chronic inflammation and epithelial cancer we studied susceptibility to skin carcinogenesis in mice deficient for the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α (refs. 5,6). TNF-α–/– mice were resistant to development of benign and malignant skin tumors, whether induced by initiation with DMBA and promotion with TPA or by repeated dosing(More)