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Amplitude modulation (AM) analysis defines precisely the EEG signal envelope changes at sampling frequency. Here we demonstrate mathematically that event-related desynchronization (ERD) corresponds to the integration of AM-EEG. We applied this new approach to a group of 12 healthy human volunteers hearing repeated auditory stimuli and statistically compared(More)
The aim of this paper was to investigate and compare the EEG mechanisms underlying the perceptual and semantic processes involved in environmental and language sounds perception by manipulating the degree of identification of sounds and using the ERD (event-related desynchronization) method in healthy subjects. Four types of stimuli were analyzed:(More)
The concentration of molecular oxygen (O(2)) began to increase in the Earth's atmosphere approximately two billion years ago. Its presence posed a threat to anaerobes but also offered opportunities for improved energy conservation via aerobic respiration. The ability to sense environmental O(2) thus became, and remains, important for many bacteria, both for(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the timing and topography of brain activity in relation to the cognitive processing of different types of auditory information. We specifically investigated the effects of familiarity on environmental sound identification, an issue which has been little studied with respect to cognitive processes, neural substrates, and(More)
A new method of instantaneous EEG analysis based on amplitude modulation (AM-EEG) was applied to analyze the AM-EEG changes in the alpha frequency band (8.20-12.89 Hz) for successive 5 ms epochs. Repeated auditory tone-burst stimuli (of 220 ms duration) were presented at fixed 2.56 second intervals to 12 attending right-handed young female volunteers, who(More)
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