Nick D Carter

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BACKGROUND Exercise programs improve balance, strength and agility in elderly people and thus may prevent falls. However, specific exercise programs that might be widely used in the community and that might be "prescribed" by physicians, especially for patients with osteoporosis, have not been evaluated. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of such a(More)
Falls are a major source of death and injury in elderly people. For example, they cause 90% of hip fractures and the current cost of hip fractures in the US is estimated to be about 10 billion dollars. Age-related changes in the physiological systems (somatosensory, vestibular and visual) which contribute to the maintenance of balance are well documented in(More)
BACKGROUND Fracture risk is determined by both bone health and fall risk. Evidence suggests that older women with osteoporosis may have a greater risk of falling compared with their age-matched counterparts without osteoporosis ( 1). To determine whether fall risk screening should be a routine part of medical assessment in older women with osteoporosis, a(More)
BACKGROUND Determinants of balance have not been well studied in women with osteoporosis yet falls are the major cause of fracture in this population. OBJECTIVE To describe the associations among knee extension strength, medication history, medical history, physical activity and both static and dynamic balance in women diagnosed with osteoporosis. (More)
OBJECTIVE To test the efficacy of a community based 10 week exercise intervention to reduce fall risk factors in women with osteoporosis. METHODS Static balance was measured by computerised dynamic posturography (Equitest), dynamic balance by timed figure of eight run, and knee extension strength by dynamometry. Subjects were randomised to exercise(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired joint position sense (JPS) has been shown in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient and osteoarthritic knees. The relation between JPS and function is uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine further if ACL deficient knees show abnormal JPS and the effect of exercise therapy on JPS, and also to assess the relation between(More)
To determine whether the presence of back pain and its related disabilities are determinants of balance and functional mobility in a group of women with osteoporosis, we carried out a cross-sectional analysis of 93 community-dwelling women with osteoporosis between the ages of 65 and 75 years old. We assessed health history, anthropometrics, self-report of(More)
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