Nick Cammack

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) polymerase activity is essential for HCV replication. Targeted screening of nucleoside analogs identified R1479 (4'-azidocytidine) as a specific inhibitor of HCV replication in the HCV subgenomic replicon system (IC(50) = 1.28 microM) with similar potency compared with 2'-C-methylcytidine (IC(50) = 1.13 microM). R1479 showed no(More)
In vitro, telaprevir selects subtype-specific resistance pathways for hepatitis C virus GT-1a and GT-1b, as described to have occurred in patients. In GT-1a, the HCV-796 resistance mutation C316Y has low replication capacity (7%) that can be compensated for by the emergence of the mutation L392F or M414T, resulting in an increase in replication levels of >(More)
Specific inhibitors of hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication that target the NS3/4A protease (e.g., VX-950) or the NS5B polymerase (e.g., R1479/R1626, PSI-6130/R7128, NM107/NM283, and HCV-796) have advanced into clinical development. Treatment of patients with VX-950 or HCV-796 rapidly selected for drug-resistant variants after a 14-day monotherapy treatment(More)
Fusion inhibitors are a new class of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Enfuvirtide is the first in this class to reach market approval. Fusion inhibitors block the last step in the three-step viral entry process consisting of attachment, co-receptor binding and fusion, thereby preventing viral capsid(More)
PSI-6130 (beta-D-2'-deoxy-2'-fluoro-2'-C-methylcytidine) is a selective inhibitor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication that targets the NS5B polymerase. R7128, the prodrug of PSI-6130, has shown antiviral efficacy in patients chronically infected with HCV genotype 1a (GT-1a) and GT-1b. We observed that the compound exhibited potent in vitro activity(More)
The HCV polymerase is an attractive target for the development of new and specific anti-HCV drugs. Herein, the characterization of the inhibitory effect of 2'-C-Methyl-Cytidine shows that it is a potent inhibitor of both genotype 1b and 1a HCV replicon replication, both of laboratory-optimized as well as of NS5B clinical isolates-chimera replicons. The(More)
In vivo intertypic RNA recombination has previously been observed in excreted type 3 poliovirus isolates from a normal asymptomatic primary vaccinee. This study examines isolates from additional primary vaccinees to determine whether intertypic recombination is a general occurrence in excreted polioviruses. T1 RNase oligonucleotide finger-printing and(More)
Enfuvirtide (ENF), a novel human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) fusion inhibitor, has potent antiviral activity against HIV-1 both in vitro and in vivo. Resistance to ENF observed after in vitro passaging was associated with changes in a three-amino-acid (aa) motif, GIV, at positions 36 to 38 of gp41. Patients with ongoing viral replication while(More)
Passage of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in the presence of increasing 2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC) concentrations results in high-level (> 100-fold) 3TC-resistant viruses. All 3TC-resistant viruses possess a substitution at the second codon (from a methionine into an isoleucine) at position 184 within the highly conserved motif (YMDD) of human(More)
INTRODUCTION RG7128 (prodrug of PSI-6130) shows potent antiviral efficacy in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1, 2, or 3, with mean viral load decreases of 2.7 and 5 log(10) IU/mL, respectively, associated with 1500-mg doses twice daily after monotherapy for 2 weeks and with 1000-mg and 1500-mg doses twice daily after treatment in(More)