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Specific inhibitors of hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication that target the NS3/4A protease (e.g., VX-950) or the NS5B polymerase (e.g., R1479/R1626, PSI-6130/R7128, NM107/NM283, and HCV-796) have advanced into clinical development. Treatment of patients with VX-950 or HCV-796 rapidly selected for drug-resistant variants after a 14-day monotherapy treatment(More)
INTRODUCTION RG7128 (prodrug of PSI-6130) shows potent antiviral efficacy in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1, 2, or 3, with mean viral load decreases of 2.7 and 5 log(10) IU/mL, respectively, associated with 1500-mg doses twice daily after monotherapy for 2 weeks and with 1000-mg and 1500-mg doses twice daily after treatment in(More)
The excretion of virus by 30 children was followed over a period of 28 days after their first vaccination with live oral poliovaccine. The type 1 and type 2 strains were isolated at similar high frequencies throughout this period, while the type 3 strain was not excreted by most children after day 2 post vaccination. Mutations in the 5' non-coding region(More)
ISG15 has recently been reported to possess antiviral properties against viruses, both in vivo and in vitro. Knock-down of ISG15 gene expression by small interfering RNA followed by alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) treatment in Huh-7 cells resulted in an increased phenotypic sensitivity to IFN-alpha, as determined by measuring hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA(More)
Previous studies have shown that the genome of Sabin type 3 poliovaccine strain (P3/Leon 12a1b) possesses a diminished translation efficiency as compared to genomes of closely related neurovirulent strains, the neurovirulent progenitor (P3/Leon/37), or a revertant (P3/119/70) of the vaccine (Y.V. Svitkin, S.V. Maslova, and V.I. Agol, 1985, Virology 147,(More)
Passage of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in the presence of increasing 2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC) concentrations results in high-level (> 100-fold) 3TC-resistant viruses. All 3TC-resistant viruses possess a substitution at the second codon (from a methionine into an isoleucine) at position 184 within the highly conserved motif (YMDD) of human(More)
In vitro, telaprevir selects subtype-specific resistance pathways for hepatitis C virus GT-1a and GT-1b, as described to have occurred in patients. In GT-1a, the HCV-796 resistance mutation C316Y has low replication capacity (7%) that can be compensated for by the emergence of the mutation L392F or M414T, resulting in an increase in replication levels of >(More)
The capacity of monoclonal antibodies to protect mice passively against yellow fever (YF) virus infection was investigated. Both neutralizing (54K-specific) and non-neutralizing (54K- and 48K-specific) antibodies protected mice against challenge with the RMP substrain of YF virus. Average survival times of mice inoculated intracerebrally with a standard(More)
In vivo intertypic RNA recombination has previously been observed in excreted type 3 poliovirus isolates from a normal asymptomatic primary vaccinee. This study examines isolates from additional primary vaccinees to determine whether intertypic recombination is a general occurrence in excreted polioviruses. T1 RNase oligonucleotide finger-printing and(More)