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Three studies examined whether the specificity with which people retrieve episodes from their past determines the specificity with which they imagine the future. In the first study, suicidal patients and nondepressed controls generated autobiographical events and possible future events in response to cues. Suicidal subjects' memory and future responses were(More)
Four experiments investigated the role of imagery in the recollection of autobiographical memories. The first two experiments examined the effects of word imageability and word frequency on the retrieval of personal memories in a cued autobiographical memory task. They showed that the imageability of cues (but not frequency) mediates specificity in the(More)
This paper weighs the implications of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) research and practice for Speech and Language Technology in Education (SLaTE). It describes the different psychological processes of implicit learning, explicit learning, and explicit instruction, and reviews educational research into the benefits and limitations of each. It considers(More)
The articles in this special issue explore how the acquisition of linguistic constructions as form–function mappings is affected by the distribution and saliency of forms in oral input, by their functional interpretations, and by the reliabilities of their form–function mappings. They consider the psycholinguistics of language learning following general(More)
SUMMARY Forty children were studied as they began to learn to read at 5 years old and as they developed their skill up to 7 years old. At each year they were tested for ability on 44 variables which measured ability in reading, spelling, vocabulary, short-term memory, visual perception and discrimination, auditory-visual integration, language knowledge,(More)
A survey of the attitudes of adolescents towards stereotyped behaviour was carried out. Two hundred and five students attending two secondary schools in a rural market town were randomly divided into four groups. Each group was shown a videotaped recording of an actress engaging in routine household tasks. Two groups saw the actress displaying stereotyped(More)
INTRODUCTION Getting to know a second language is an act of cognition par excellence. Yet 'Cognitive Approaches to SLA' implies something more than the general research enterprise of SLA. It highlights the goals of cognitive psychologists who search for explanations of second language cognition in terms of mental representations and information processing.(More)
We consider the role of physical form, prior experience, and form focused instruction (FFI) in adult language learning. (1) When presented with competing cues to interpretation, learners are more likely to attend to physically more salient cues in the input. (2) Learned attention is an associative learning phenomenon where prior-learned cues block those(More)