Nicholas Sutcliffe

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BACKGROUND The Bispectral Index (BIS) is an electroencephalogram-derived measure of anesthetic depth. A closed-loop anesthesia system was built using BIS as the control variable, a proportional-integral-differential control algorithm, and a propofol target-controlled infusion system as the control actuator. Closed-loop performance was assessed in 10 adult(More)
Target controlled infusion (TCI) pumps function using a programme based on a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model. We compared the Marsh and Schnider models to find out which better correlates with the clinically observed effect of propofol as assessed by the Observer Assessment of Alertness/Sedation (OAAS) score and the Bispectral index. We assessed the(More)
Investigators in the field of depth of anaesthesia monitoring sometimes measure the auditory evoked potential (AEP) and the Bispectral Index (BIS) concurrently. However, the auditory stimuli required to generate an AEP may increase the level of consciousness, and cause an increase in the BIS. They may also alter the BIS by producing phase-locked harmonics(More)
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