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A coxsackievirus B3 (CB3) isolate adapted to growth in RD cells shows an alteration in cell tropism as a result of its capacity to bind a 70-kDa cell surface molecule expressed on these cells. We now show that this molecule is the complement regulatory protein, decay-accelerating factor (DAF) (CD55). Anti-DAF antibodies prevented CB3 attachment to the cell(More)
Echoviruses are human pathogens belonging to the picornavirus family. Decay-accelerating factor (DAF) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored surface protein that protects cells from lysis by autologous complement. Anti-DAF monoclonal antibodies prevented echovirus 7 attachment to susceptible cells and protected cells from infection. HeLa cells(More)
Anti-VLA-2 antibodies protected HeLa cells from infection by echoviruses 1 and 8 but not from infection by other echovirus serotypes. Echoviruses 1 and 8 bound to and infected nonpermissive hamster cells transfected with the alpha 2 subunit of human VLA-2. These results indicate that the human alpha 2 subunit is critical for infection by echoviruses 1 and 8(More)
VLA-2, the alpha 2 beta 1 integrin, mediates cell adhesion to collagen and laminin, and is the receptor for the human pathogen echovirus 1. Because of its similarity to domains present in other proteins that interact with collagen, a 191 amino acid region within the alpha 2 subunit (the I domain) has been proposed as a potential site for ligand(More)
Oxytocin (OT) has been linked to social behavior in rodents, non-human primates, and adult humans, but almost nothing is known about brain OT activity in human newborns or its impact on social development. To better understand the role of OT biology in human social functioning, a multi-disciplinary, longitudinal study was conducted. Cerebral spinal fluid(More)
Human VLA-2 (alpha 2 beta 1) mediates cellular adhesion to collagen and laminin and cell attachment by the human pathogen echovirus 1. We report here the cloning, sequencing and functional expression of the mouse VLA-2 alpha subunit homologue. This integrin subunit is closely related to its human counterpart, with 84% amino acid identity between the human(More)
P450 activity is required to metabolically activate many chemical carcinogens, rendering them highly genotoxic. CYP3A4 is the most abundantly expressed P450 enzyme in the liver, accounting for most drug metabolism and constituting 50% of all hepatic P450 activity. CYP3A4 is also expressed in extrahepatic tissues, including the intestine. However, the role(More)
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