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Prdm3 and Prdm16 are H3K9me1 Methyltransferases Required for Mammalian Heterochromatin Integrity
Heterochromatin serves important functions, protecting genome integrity and stabilizing gene expression programs. Although the Suv39h methyltransferases (KMTs) are known to ensure pericentric H3K9me3Expand
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A transcription factor–based mechanism for mouse heterochromatin formation
Heterochromatin is important for genome integrity and stabilization of gene-expression programs. We have identified the transcription factors Pax3 and Pax9 as redundant regulators of mouseExpand
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Histone demethylase UTX-1 regulates C. elegans life span by targeting the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway.
Epigenetic modifications are thought to be important for gene expression changes during development and aging. However, besides the Sir2 histone deacetylase in somatic tissues and H3K4 trimethylationExpand
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Mammalian Su(var) genes in chromatin control.
Genetic screens in Drosophila have been instrumental in distinguishing approximately 390 loci involved in position effect variegation and heterochromatin stabilization. Most of the identified genesExpand
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Major satellite repeat RNA stabilize heterochromatin retention of Suv39h enzymes by RNA-nucleosome association and RNA:DNA hybrid formation
The Suv39h1 and Suv39h2 histone lysine methyltransferases are hallmark enzymes at mammalian heterochromatin. We show here that the mouse Suv39h2 enzyme differs from Suv39h1 by containing anExpand
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H1 linker histones silence repetitive elements by promoting both histone H3K9 methylation and chromatin compaction
Significance Eukaryotic genomes harbor a vast number of “selfish” DNA elements, including transposable elements and repetitive sequences. They constitute nearly 50% of the human genome and need to beExpand
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