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BACKGROUND Ablation of long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly variable, with differing techniques and outcomes. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the literature with regard to the impact of ablation technique on the outcomes of long-standing persistent AF ablation. METHODS A systematic(More)
Although exercise intensity has been identified as a major determinant of the excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), no studies have compared the EPOC after submaximal continuous running and supramaximal interval running. Eight male middle-distance runners [age = 2.1 +/- 3.1 (SD) yr; mass = 67.8 +/- 5.1 kg; maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) = 69.2(More)
BACKGROUND In the past decade, catheter ablation has become an established therapy for symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF). Until very recently, few data have been available to guide the clinical community on the outcomes of AF ablation at ≥3 years of follow-up. We aimed to systematically review the medical literature to evaluate the long-term outcomes of(More)
AIMS To determine whether the extent of myocardial fibrosis by late-gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR), and echocardiographic ventricular dyssynchrony are independently associated with response to medical therapy in patients with newly diagnosed idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Myocardial fibrosis and ventricular(More)
This study compared the traditional two-compartment (fat mass or FM; fat free mass or FFM) hydrodensitometric method of body composition measurement, which is based on body density, with three (FM, total body water or TBW, fat free dry mass)- and four (FM, TBW, bone mineral mass or BMM, residual)-compartment models in highly trained men (n = 12), sedentary(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and atrial fibrillation (AF) are public health issues with significant consequences. OBJECTIVES This study sought to delineate the development of global electrophysiological and structural substrate for AF in sustained obesity. METHODS Ten sheep fed ad libitum calorie-dense diet to induce obesity over 36 weeks were maintained in this(More)
BACKGROUND Both ageing and hypertension are known risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) although the pathophysiological contribution or interaction of the individual factors remains poorly understood. Here we aim to delineate the arrhythmogenic atrial substrate in mature spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS SHR were studied at 12 and 15(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with lone atrial fibrillation (AF) have an abnormal atrial substrate. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the role of direction-dependent conduction in patients with lone AF. METHODS Twenty-four patients with paroxysmal lone AF and 24 reference patients with left-sided accessory pathways were studied. Multipolar(More)
1. High-density cardiac electrophysiological study (EPS) of small animal atria has been limited to optical mapping techniques, which require complex and expensive equipment setup. We aim to evaluate the feasibility of carrying out EPS in isolated atrial tissues using a custom made high-density multiple-electrode array (MEA). 2. Isolated rat atrial(More)
PURPOSE Based on persistent reports of low oxygen consumption VO(2) from Medical Graphics CPX/D metabolic carts, we compared the CPX/D against an automated Douglas bag system. METHODS Twelve male athletes completed three, randomized 25-min bouts (5 min at 100, 150, 200, 250, and 300 W) on a cycle ergometer with intervening 30-min rests. One bout was(More)