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The transcription of iron uptake and storage genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is primarily regulated by the transcription factor Aft1. Nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Aft1 is dependent upon mitochondrial Fe-S cluster biosynthesis via a signaling pathway that includes the cytosolic monothiol glutaredoxins (Grx3 and Grx4) and the BolA homologue Fra2. However,(More)
The S-adenosylmethionine-dependent enzyme MoaA, in concert with MoaC, catalyzes the first step of molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis, the conversion of guanosine 5'-triphosphate (5'-GTP) into precursor Z. A published X-ray crystal structure of MoaA with the substrate 5'-GTP revealed that the substrate might be bound to the unique iron of one of two 4Fe-4S(More)
A small group of patients account for the majority of peri-operative morbidity and mortality. These 'high-risk' patients have a poor outcome due to their inability to meet the oxygen transport demands imposed on them by the nature of the surgical response during the peri-operative period. It has been shown that by targeting specific haemodynamic and oxygen(More)
Cryoreduction EPR/ENDOR/step-annealing measurements with substrate complexes of oxy-gsNOS (3; gsNOS is nitric oxide synthase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus) confirm that Compound I (6) is the reactive heme species that carries out the gsNOS-catalyzed (Stage I) oxidation of L-arginine to N-hydroxy-L-arginine (NOHA), whereas the active species in the(More)
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Abstract: The Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the(More)
Lysine 2,3-aminomutase (LAM) utilizes a [4Fe-4S] cluster, S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM), and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) to isomerize L-alpha-lysine to L-beta-lysine. LAM is a member of the radical-SAM enzyme superfamily in which a [4Fe-4S]+ cluster reductively cleaves SAM to produce the 5'-deoxyadenosyl radical, which abstracts an H-atom from substrate to(More)
We previously used a combination of continuous-wave (CW) and pulsed electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) protocols to identify the types of protonated oxygen (OH(x)) species and their disposition within the Fe(III)/Fe(IV) cluster of intermediate X, the direct precursor of the essential diferric-tyrosyl radical cofactor of the beta2 subunit of(More)
The rotational mobilities of small solute molecules encapsulated in tetramethyl orthosilicate (TMOS) sol-gels have been investigated by EPR spectroscopy of encapsulated nitroxide probes and by high-resolution NMR spectroscopic measurements of transferred NOE's (trNOE's), of T(1)'s, and of T(1)'s in the rotating frame (T(1)rho). The two spectroscopic methods(More)
(E)-4-Hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate reductase (IspH or LytB) catalyzes the terminal step of the MEP/DOXP pathway where it converts (E)-4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate (HMBPP) into the two products, isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate. The reaction involves the reductive elimination of the C4 hydroxyl group, using a total(More)