Nicholas S. Aberle

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Insulin resistance is a metabolic syndrome commonly seen in obesity. Leptin, the obese gene product, plays a role in the regulation of cardiac function. Elevated leptin levels have been demonstrated under insulin-resistant states such as obesity and hypertension, although their role in cardiac dysfunction is unknown. This study was designed to determine the(More)
Doxorubicin, an anthracycline used for cancer therapy, is known to elicit an irreversible cardiotoxicity. Several mechanisms were postulated for its cardiac toxicity including generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study was designed to determine the acute effect of doxorubicin on cardiac mechanical and intracellular Ca(2+) properties in isolated(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterized by cardiac dysfunction and altered level/function of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Both endogenous and exogenous IGF-I have been shown to effectively alleviate diabetes-induced cardiac dysfunction and oxidative stress. This study was designed to examine the effect of cardiac overexpression of IGF-I on(More)
We hypothesized that modulation of endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) activity would affect phosphorylation of p38-mitogen activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) and potentiate apoptosis in adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) during sepsis. The activity of ECE-1 in ARVMs was altered by increasing the substrate availability for ECE-1 by exogenous(More)
Radiotracer and biochemical studies have shown that patients with Parkinson disease lack functional sympathetic innervation to the heart. The same observation was made in mice treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), an experimental model of Parkinson disease. This study examined the mechanical properties, adrenergic receptor level(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) ameliorates cardiac dysfunction in diabetes although the mechanism of action remains poorly understood. This study examined the role of PI-3 kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and calcineurin pathways in cardiac effects of IGF-1 against glucose toxicity. Adult rat ventricular myocytes were cultured for 8 h(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic alcoholism leads to the development of alcoholic cardiomyopathy, manifested as ventricular dilation and impaired ventricular contractility. However, the specific toxic mechanism responsible for alcoholic cardiomyopathy remains unclear. One major candidate toxin is the first metabolic product of ethanol, acetaldehyde (ACA). This study was(More)
Acute ethanol exposure depresses ventricular contractility and contributes to alcoholic cardiomyopathy in both men and women chronically consuming ethanol. However, a gender-related difference in the severity of myopathy exists with female being more sensitive to ethanol-induced tissue damage. Acetaldehyde (ACA), the major oxidized product of ethanol, has(More)
Chronic alcoholism can progress to alcoholic cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired ventricular contractility. Nicotine abuse continues to remain a serious risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, little is know regarding the combined effects. This study was designed to examine the role of short-term combined exposure of(More)
Fetal alcohol syndrome is associated with cardiovascular malformation. However, the impact of prenatal ethanol exposure on vascular function is not clear. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of prenatal ethanol exposure on vascular response in adulthood. Timed-pregnancy, female rats were fed an ethanol-containing liquid diet (36%(More)