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An in vivo mouse cage implant system was used to determine whether leukocyte cytokine mRNA responses to implanted biomaterials were dependent on surface chemistry. Surfaces displaying various chemistries (hydrophobic, hydrophilic, anionic, and cationic) were placed into stainless steel cages and implanted subcutaneously. Semiquantitative RT-PCR analyses(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Microvascular endothelial cells mediate leukocyte homing, angiogenesis, and inflammation and healing and show tissue-specific adhesion molecules and functions. The activation of human intestinal mucosal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMECs) was studied in vitro to uncover possible abnormalities associated with inflammatory bowel(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) mitigate inflammation in mouse models of acute lung injury. However, specific mechanisms of BMSC actions on CD4 T lymphocyte-mediated inflammation in vivo remain poorly understood. Limited data suggests promotion of Th2 phenotype in models of Th1-mediated diseases. However, whether this might alleviate(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial cells that line microvascular blood vessels have an important role in inflammation through their ability to bind and recruit circulating leucocytes. Endothelial cells from the intestines of patients with chronically inflamed Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis--the two forms of inflammatory bowel disease--display an increased(More)
PURPOSE Taxanes have effects on angiogenesis causing difficulties in separating biological effects of chemotherapy from those due to angiogenesis inhibitors. This randomized phase II trial was designed to evaluate the additional biomarker effect on angiogenesis when bevacizumab is added to docetaxel. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with inoperable breast(More)
Increased nitric oxide (NO) production by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been associated with intestinal inflammation, including human inflammatory bowel disease. However, NO can downregulate endothelial activation and leukocyte adhesion, critical steps in the inflammatory response. Using primary cultures of human intestinal microvascular(More)
To understand better blood interactions with poly(ether urethane urea) (PEUU) materials, a radioimmunoassay and whole or diluted human plasma were used to characterize the presence of fibrinogen, immunoglobulin G, factor VIII/von Willebrand factor, Hageman factor (factor XII), and albumin on a PEUU formulation and on PEUU formulations modified with the(More)
The biocompatibility of materials at an implant site involves a complex interaction of cells and tissues with the biomaterial. This cell-cell and cell-polymer interaction evokes the release of mediators such as chemotactic and growth factors that elicit and sustain inflammatory responses at the implant site. In this review, we summarize the interaction of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the biological modulatory dose of SU5416, we employed a novel trial design, where "dose de-escalation" was based on demonstrable biological changes observed at the maximum tolerated dose. If such an effect was shown, dose de-escalation to a predefined dose level would occur to determine if the lower dose exhibited the same amount of(More)