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Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) mitigate inflammation in mouse models of acute lung injury. However, specific mechanisms of BMSC actions on CD4 T lymphocyte-mediated inflammation in vivo remain poorly understood. Limited data suggests promotion of Th2 phenotype in models of Th1-mediated diseases. However, whether this might alleviate(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Microvascular endothelial cells mediate leukocyte homing, angiogenesis, and inflammation and healing and show tissue-specific adhesion molecules and functions. The activation of human intestinal mucosal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMECs) was studied in vitro to uncover possible abnormalities associated with inflammatory bowel(More)
PURPOSE Taxanes have effects on angiogenesis causing difficulties in separating biological effects of chemotherapy from those due to angiogenesis inhibitors. This randomized phase II trial was designed to evaluate the additional biomarker effect on angiogenesis when bevacizumab is added to docetaxel. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with inoperable breast(More)
An in vivo mouse cage implant system was used to determine whether leukocyte cytokine mRNA responses to implanted biomaterials were dependent on surface chemistry. Surfaces displaying various chemistries (hydrophobic, hydrophilic, anionic, and cationic) were placed into stainless steel cages and implanted subcutaneously. Semiquantitative RT-PCR analyses(More)
Endothelial cell seeding of synthetic small diameter vascular grafts (SSDVG) has been shown to diminish thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia, resulting in improved graft patency. However, endothelial cell retention on seeded grafts when exposed to physiological shearing conditions remains poor. We report that the genetic engineering of endothelial cells to(More)
The biocompatibility of materials at an implant site involves a complex interaction of cells and tissues with the biomaterial. This cell-cell and cell-polymer interaction evokes the release of mediators such as chemotactic and growth factors that elicit and sustain inflammatory responses at the implant site. In this review, we summarize the interaction of(More)
An in vivo rat cage implant system was used to identify potential surface chemistries that prevent failure of implanted biomedical devices and prostheses by limiting monocyte adhesion and macrophage fusion into foreign-body giant cells while inducing adherent-macrophage apoptosis. Hydrophobic, hydrophilic, anionic, and cationic surfaces were used for(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether an intralesional chemotherapy depot with or without a chemosensitizer could improve the efficacy of radiofrequency (RF) ablation in treatment of experimental carcinoma in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighteen BD-IX rats were inoculated with bilateral subcutaneous tumors via injection of(More)
Static and dynamic human blood adsorption studies on polydimethylsiloxane, PDMS, and silicone rubber show that these materials are similar, but not identical, in their protein adsorption behavior. Fibrinogen, immunoglobulin G, and albumin were the predominant proteins identified on the material surfaces with fibronectin, Hageman factor (factor XII), and(More)
Estradiol had a biphasic effect on permeability across cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC): at nanomolar concentrations it decreased the HUVEC culture permeability, but at micromolar concentrations it increased the permeability. The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the changes in permeability were(More)