Nicholas P. Ziats

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An in vivo mouse cage implant system was used to determine whether leukocyte cytokine mRNA responses to implanted biomaterials were dependent on surface chemistry. Surfaces displaying various chemistries (hydrophobic, hydrophilic, anionic, and cationic) were placed into stainless steel cages and implanted subcutaneously. Semiquantitative RT-PCR analyses(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) mitigate inflammation in mouse models of acute lung injury. However, specific mechanisms of BMSC actions on CD4 T lymphocyte-mediated inflammation in vivo remain poorly understood. Limited data suggests promotion of Th2 phenotype in models of Th1-mediated diseases. However, whether this might alleviate(More)
PURPOSE Taxanes have effects on angiogenesis causing difficulties in separating biological effects of chemotherapy from those due to angiogenesis inhibitors. This randomized phase II trial was designed to evaluate the additional biomarker effect on angiogenesis when bevacizumab is added to docetaxel. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with inoperable breast(More)
Lipid microtubules that self-assemble from a diacetylenic lipid are suitable structures for the sustained release of bioactive agents. Microtubules were loaded with agents under aqueous conditions and embedded in an agarose hydrogel for localization at areas of interest. Protein release from our microtubule-hydrogel delivery system was characterized in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Microvascular endothelial cells mediate leukocyte homing, angiogenesis, and inflammation and healing and show tissue-specific adhesion molecules and functions. The activation of human intestinal mucosal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMECs) was studied in vitro to uncover possible abnormalities associated with inflammatory bowel(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial cells that line microvascular blood vessels have an important role in inflammation through their ability to bind and recruit circulating leucocytes. Endothelial cells from the intestines of patients with chronically inflamed Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis--the two forms of inflammatory bowel disease--display an increased(More)
Increased nitric oxide (NO) production by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been associated with intestinal inflammation, including human inflammatory bowel disease. However, NO can downregulate endothelial activation and leukocyte adhesion, critical steps in the inflammatory response. Using primary cultures of human intestinal microvascular(More)
Conformationally altered proteins and protein fragments derived from the extracellular matrix and hemostatic system may function as naturally occurring angiogenesis inhibitors. One example of such a protein is cleaved high molecular weight kininogen (HKa). HKa inhibits angiogenesis by inducing apoptosis of proliferating endothelial cells, effects mediated(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of estrogen on transendothelial paracellular permeability in women. METHODS Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) obtained from women were grown on filters. The paracellular permeability characteristics were determined in terms of changes in the permeability to the polar acid pyranine (Ppyr) and as changes in the(More)
Protein adsorption from human plasma was investigated on phospholipid polymers, poly (2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)-co-n-butyl methacrylate (BMA) or glass by radioimmunoassay and immunogold labeling techniques. In the present studies the focus was to determine the composition and distribution of proteins at the surface of these materials(More)