Nicholas P . Money

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Many fungal pathogens penetrate plant leaves from a specialized cell called an appressorium. The rice blast pathogen Magnaporthe grisea can also penetrate synthetic surfaces such as poly(vinyl chloride). Previous experiments have suggested that penetration requires an elevated appressorial turgor pressure. In the present report we have used nonbiodegradable(More)
The possible involvement of osmotically generated hydrostatic pressure in driving actin-rich extensions of the cell surface was examined using cultures of chick neurons. Estimation of the excess internal osmotic pressure of chick neural tissue by vapor pressure deficit osmometry, and of the excess internal hydrostatic pressure in cultured chick neurons(More)
Osmotic pressures (II) of aqueous solutions of polyethylene glycols (PEGs) of average relative molecular weight (M(r)) between 200 and 10,000 were measured using vapor pressure deficit osmometry. The relationships between molarity and II were described with high precision by second order polynomials for each of the PEGs studied. In contrast to previous(More)
Active discharge of basidiospores in most species of Basidiomycota is powered by the rapid movement of a droplet of fluid, called Buller's drop, over the spore surface. This paper is concerned with the operation of the launch mechanism in species with the largest and smallest ballistospores. Aleurodiscus gigasporus (Russulales) produces the largest(More)
Many ascomycete fungi spurt their spores from asci pressurized by osmosis. This paper explores the details of this process in the coprophilous species Ascobolus immersus, through a combination of biomechanical and biochemical experiments, and mathematical modeling. A. immersus forms large asci that expel 8 spores as a single, mucilage-embedded projectile.(More)
Ballistospore discharge is a feature of 30000 species of mushrooms, basidiomycete yeasts and pathogenic rusts and smuts. The biomechanics of discharge may involve an abrupt change in the center of mass associated with the coalescence of Buller's drop and the spore. However this process occurs so rapidly that the launch of the ballistospore has never been(More)
This book originated from a series of lectures given by the authors in Germany and the United Kingdom, and is designed as a short text to accompany an introductory course on mycology for undergraduates. Given the broad sweep of their subject matter, Jennings and Lysek have managed to explore many ideas with admirable clarity. The chapters are divided into(More)
Mycelia of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. graminis form large cells called hyphopodia with deeply lobed, melanized walls. Like appressoria produced by other pathogens, hyphopodia develop on hydrophobic surfaces, but it is not clear that hyphopodia function as platforms for host penetration. In appressoria, melanin synthesis is linked to the generation of(More)
BACKGROUND Spore discharge in the majority of the 30,000 described species of Basidiomycota is powered by the rapid motion of a fluid droplet, called Buller's drop, over the spore surface. In basidiomycete yeasts, and phytopathogenic rusts and smuts, spores are discharged directly into the airflow around the fungal colony. Maximum discharge distances of 1-2(More)
Rhizomorphs of wood-decay basidiomycetes are root-like structures produced by the coordinated growth of thousands of hyphae. Very little is known about their development nor the way that they penetrate soils and rotting wood. In this study, we applied techniques used in previous studies on hyphae to explore the mechanics of the invasive growth process in(More)