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Using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, we assessed trough imatinib plasma levels in 68 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who responded or not to standard-dose imatinib, after at least 12 months' treatment. Mean trough imatinib plasma levels were significantly higher in the group with complete cytogenetic response(More)
Pre-clinical studies, active-control clinical trials and meta-analyses indicate that escitalopram (S-citalopram) might be more effective than citalopram, the racemic mixture of S- and R-citalopram. The present study aimed to confirm the superior efficacy of escitalopram over citalopram. A double-blind, randomized clinical trial was performed in which(More)
We ran a randomized cross-over design study under sleep-deprived and non-sleep-deprived driving conditions to test the effects of sleep restriction on real driving performance. The study was performed in a sleep laboratory and on an open French highway. Twenty-two healthy male subjects (age = 21.5 +/- 2 years; distance driven per year = 12,225 +/- 4739 km(More)
OBJECTIVE Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a major cause of hospital admission and in-hospital morbidity. Departments of internal medicine are at the forefront of this problem. To increase the knowledge base, we did a study of the frequency, hazard function, avoidability, and cost of ADRs as a cause for admission in internal medicine, or when occurring(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine whether real-life driving would produce different effects from those obtained in a driving simulator on fatigue, performances and sleepiness. DESIGN Cross-over study involving real driving (1200 km) or simulated driving after controlled habitual sleep (8 hours) or restricted sleep (2 hours). SETTING Sleep laboratory and(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to describe determinants of current and subsequent benzodiazepine use in an elderly population, the Paquid cohort. METHODS The study was conducted on a cohort of 2,792 community-dwelling subjects 65 years of age or more living in the Gironde department, southwestern France. Benzodiazepine use and its correlates(More)
Young subjects are frequently involved in sleep-related accidents. They could be more affected than older drivers by sleep loss and therefore worsen their driving skills quicker, or have a different perception of their level of impairment. To test these hypotheses we studied variations of reaction time (RT), a fundamental prerequisite for safe performing,(More)
BACKGROUND An altered arterial nitric oxide (NO) pathway could partly explain the damage to arteries observed in haemodialyzed (HD) patients. The present study was designed to non-invasively evaluate the NO pathway of peripheral conduit arteries in HD patients. METHODS Twelve normotensive, non-diabetic HD patients treated with erythropoietin and 12(More)
BACKGROUND Since its introduction in France, ketoprofen for topical use has been associated with a large number of cutaneous adverse effect reports. Therefore, the French Medicine Agency progressively introduced warnings and contraindications to its use. Despite this, serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs) still occur. OBJECTIVE To describe clinical(More)
AIMS To assess the frequency and cost of drug reactions causing or prolonging hospitalization. METHODS All patients admitted to an internal medicine ward over 6 months were evaluated to identify serious adverse reactions. The number of drug classes on admission or at the time of the adverse drug reaction (ADR) was counted. Excess ADR-related hospital stay(More)