Nicholas McArthur

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The purpose of our study was to test the effectiveness of Ostim nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite paste and Cerabone ceramic by treating a critical size bone defect (CSD) on the right foreleg of a white New Zealand rabbit. Evaluation was carried out by comparing four groups each with a different CSD filling: an only OSTIM bone filling, an only Cerabone(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed at T-cell inhibition by immunosuppressants to reduce cell damage and improve the course of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). METHODS A taurocholate-induced SAP was used and 5 groups were compared: (1) rapamycin + FTY720, (2) rapamycin, (3) FTY720, (4) cortisol, and (5) control: sodium chloride. Drugs were applied intravenously(More)
In our cohort of 555 patients with a total of 1150 vertebral fractures treated with kyphoplasty we performed a 30-day postoperative analysis of cement leakage, neurological symptoms, pulmonary embolism, and infections. In our department, 22% of kyphoplasties were performed with calcium phosphate cement and the remainder with polymethylmethacrylate. All(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on the brain of 5 normal, anesthetized, neonatal (age 3-to-6 days) Quarter Horse foals. The objectives of the study were to develop a technique for imaging the brain of neonatal foals, and to ascertain their normal brain anatomy. Intravenous propofol was administered for induction and maintenance of general(More)
Neural structures containing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in the bovine brain and infundibulum were characterized by light microscopic immunohistochemistry. GnRH-positive perikarya were localized singly or in small groups within the infundibular nucleus and were seen grouped in large discrete clusters within the ventromedial nucleus. Positive axons(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance a newly developed nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite, OSTIM following functional implantation in femoral sites in thirty-eight sheep for 1, 2 or 3 months. Ostim 35 was compared to an established calcium phosphate, Alpha BSM. METHODS Biomechanical testing, micro-CT analysis, histological and(More)
Mammalian ovaries contain sympathetic neurons expressing the low affinity neurotropin receptor (p75NTR). To date neither the role these neurons might play in ovarian physiology nor their embryological origin is known. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect postnatal changes in distribution and number of both p75NTR-positive and tyrosine(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY In this study, innovative bone replacement material was tested after complicated metaphyseal radius fractures with the affected joints. MATERIAL AND METHODS In all, 11 C 2, 11 C 3 and 3 A 3 radius fractures were treated by surgery combining an angularly stable palmar plate osteosynthesis with defect filling using nanocrystalline(More)
The effects of endogenous hypothalamic neurohormones and activators of second messenger signalling systems on the secretion of GH and on cell content of GH mRNA of cultured bovine adenohypophysial cells were studied. Synthetic bovine GH-releasing factor (bGRF; 100 nmol/l) increased secretion of GH by bovine adenohypophysial cells five-fold relative to(More)
A study was undertaken to further the understanding of the mechanism by which suckling inhibits the release of pituitary LH and depresses the postovariectomy rise of plasma LH in lactating mammals. To that end, the effect of suckling (10 pups/animal) for 1 or 3 weeks on the LHRH content of the hypothalamus and preoptic area (POA) in ovariectomized and(More)