Nicholas M Radio

Learn More
Identification of chemicals that pose a hazard to the developing nervous system is the first step in reducing human exposure and preventing health risks to infants and children. In response to the need for more efficient methods to identify potential developmental neurotoxicants, the present study evaluated the utility of an automated high content screening(More)
In vitro models may be useful for the rapid toxicological screening of large numbers of chemicals for their potential to produce toxicity. Such screening could facilitate prioritization of resources needed for in vivo toxicity testing towards those chemicals most likely to result in adverse health effects. Cell cultures derived from nervous system tissue(More)
The goals of this study were to determine (a) if melatonin enhances human adult mesenchymal stem cell (hAMSC) differentiation into osteoblasts as assessed by measuring alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme activity, and (b) identify potential signal transduction pathways that mediate this process. ALP activity significantly increased in hAMSCs following a(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the critical time periods of melatonin treatment required to induce human mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) into osteoblasts and to determine which osteogenic genes are involved in the process. The study design consisted of adding melatonin for different times (2, 5, 10, 14 or 21 days) toward the end of a 21-day(More)
Development of high-throughput assays for chemical screening and hazard identification is a pressing priority worldwide. One approach uses in vitro, cell-based assays which recapitulate biological events observed in vivo. Neurite outgrowth is one such critical cellular process underlying nervous system development that can be quantified using automated(More)
The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has become more generally accepted, and implant dentists are using PRP more frequently to promote the healing of oral surgical and/or periodontal wounds. Critical elements of PRP are thought to be growth factors contained within the concentrated platelets. These growth factors are known to promote soft-tissue healing,(More)
Pyrethroids are neurotoxic pesticides that interact with membrane bound ion channels in neurons and disrupt nerve function. The purpose of this study was to characterize and explore changes in gene expression that occur in the rat frontal cortex, an area of CNS affected by pyrethroids, following an acute low-dose exposure. Rats were acutely exposed to(More)
MT1 melatonin receptors expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells remain sensitive to a melatonin re-challenge even following chronic melatonin exposure when microtubules are depolymerized in the cell, an exposure that normally results in MT1 receptor desensitization. We extended our findings to MT2 melatonin receptors using both in vitro and in vivo(More)
Melatonin's therapeutic potential is grossly underestimated because its functional roles are diverse and its mechanism(s) of action are complex and varied. Melatonin produces cellular effects via a variety of mechanisms in a receptor independent and dependent manner. In addition, melatonin is a chronobiotic agent secreted from the pineal gland during the(More)
Chronic melatonin exposure produces microtubule rearrangements in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing the human MT1 melatonin receptor while at the same time desensitizing MT1 receptors. Because microtubule rearrangements parallel MT1 receptor desensitization, we tested whether microtubules modulate receptor responsiveness. We determined whether(More)