Nicholas M Radio

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In vitro models may be useful for the rapid toxicological screening of large numbers of chemicals for their potential to produce toxicity. Such screening could facilitate prioritization of resources needed for in vivo toxicity testing towards those chemicals most likely to result in adverse health effects. Cell cultures derived from nervous system tissue(More)
MT1 melatonin receptors expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells remain sensitive to a melatonin re-challenge even following chronic melatonin exposure when microtubules are depolymerized in the cell, an exposure that normally results in MT1 receptor desensitization. We extended our findings to MT2 melatonin receptors using both in vitro and in vivo(More)
There is considerable public concern that the majority of commercial chemicals have not been evaluated for their potential to cause developmental neurotoxicity. Although several chemicals are assessed annually under the current developmental neurotoxicity guidelines, time, resource, and animal constraints prevent testing of large numbers of chemicals using(More)
Development of high-throughput assays for chemical screening and hazard identification is a pressing priority worldwide. One approach uses in vitro, cell-based assays which recapitulate biological events observed in vivo. Neurite outgrowth is one such critical cellular process underlying nervous system development that can be quantified using automated(More)
Cerebellar granule cells (CGC) provide a homogenous population of cells which can be used as an in vitro model for studying the cellular processes involved in the normal development of the CNS. They may also be useful for hazard identification as in vitro screens for developmental neurotoxicity. The present study examined morphologic and biochemical markers(More)
BACKGROUND Pyrethroids are neurotoxic pesticides that interact with membrane bound ion channels in neurons and disrupt nerve function. The purpose of this study was to characterize and explore changes in gene expression that occur in the rat frontal cortex, an area of CNS affected by pyrethroids, following an acute low-dose exposure. RESULTS Rats were(More)
High content analysis of neurite outgrowth enables the rapid and comprehensive phenotypic assessment of individual neurons in a multiwell format amenable to high throughput assays. The resulting data are considered "high content" because multiple measurements of neuronal outgrowth and morphometric data are calculated from hundreds of individual cells within(More)
High-throughput test methods including molecular, cellular, and alternative species-based assays that examine critical events of normal brain development are being developed for detection of developmental neurotoxicants. As new assays are developed, a "training set" of chemicals is used to evaluate the relevance of individual assays for specific endpoints.(More)
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