Nicholas M. Glykos

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A computer program has been developed to aid the analysis of molecular dynamics trajectories. The program is tuned for macromolecular large-scale problems and supports features such as removal of global translations-rotations of the solute, calculation of average distance maps and their corresponding standard deviations, calculation of the(More)
Type III secretion systems enable plant and animal bacterial pathogens to deliver virulence proteins into the cytosol of eukaryotic host cells, causing a broad spectrum of diseases including bacteremia, septicemia, typhoid fever, and bubonic plague in mammals, and localized lesions, systemic wilting, and blights in plants. In addition, type III secretion(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional wisdom has it that two proteins sharing 98.4% sequence identity have nearly identical three-dimensional structures. Here we provide a counter-example to this statement by showing that a single amino acid substitution can change the topology of a homodimeric 4-alpha-helical bundle protein. RESULTS We have determined the(More)
We report the availability of grcarma, a program encoding for a fully automated set of tasks aiming to simplify the analysis of molecular dynamics trajectories of biological macromolecules. It is a cross-platform, Perl/Tk-based front-end to the program carma and is designed to facilitate the needs of the novice as well as those of the expert user, while at(More)
The classical approach to the problem of placing n copies of a search model in the asymmetric unit of a target crystal structure is to divide this 6n-dimensional optimization problem into a succession of three-dimensional searches (rotation-function followed by translation-function searches for each of the models). Here, it is shown that a(More)
Bacillus cereus is an opportunistic pathogenic bacterium closely related to Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax in mammals. A significant portion of the B. cereus chromosomal genes are common to B. anthracis, including genes which in B. anthracis code for putative virulence and surface proteins. B. cereus thus provides a convenient model(More)
A method is described which attempts to simultaneously and independently determine the positional and orientational parameters of all molecules present in the asymmetric unit of a target crystal structure. This is achieved through a reverse Monte Carlo optimization of a suitable statistic (such as the R factor or the linear correlation coefficient between(More)
The dynamic nature of protein structures has been recognized, established, and accepted as an intrinsic fundamental property with major consequences to their function. Nowadays, proteins are considered as networks of continuous motions, which reflect local flexibility and a propensity for global structural plasticity. Protein-protein and protein-small(More)
The distribution of the chi(1), chi(2) dihedral angles in a dataset consisting of 12 unrelated 4-alpha-helical bundle proteins was determined and qualitatively compared with that observed in globular proteins. The analysis suggests that the 4-alpha-helical bundle motif could occasionally impose steric constraints on side chains: (i) the side-chain(More)
Comparison of crystallographically determined and molecular dynamics simulation-derived parameters for a small (26 kDa) homotetrameric four-alpha-helical bundle protein revealed an unexpected pattern of similarities and differences between experiment and simulation. On one hand, the protein structure per se is exceptionally well preserved during the(More)