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Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a common form of mental retardation caused by the absence of functional fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). FXS is associated with elevated density and length of dendritic spines, as well as an immature-appearing distribution profile of spine morphologies in the neocortex. Mice that lack FMRP (Fmr1 knockout mice) exhibit(More)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common form of inherited mental retardation. Observed neuropathologies associated with FXS include abnormal length, morphology, and density of dendritic spines, reported in individuals with FXS and in Fmr1 knockout (KO) mice, an animal model of FXS. To date, however, these neuropathologies have been studied in Fmr1 KO(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's patients have been considered challenging laparoscopic candidates. The aim of this study was to analyze the short-term and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgery in consecutive patients with ileocolonic Crohn's disease. METHODS Patients were enrolled prospectively but not randomized between August 2002 and October 2006.(More)
INTRODUCTION The anal transition zone (ATZ) after ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis is considered at risk for dysplasia and persistent or recurrent disease activity. The long-term fate of the ATZ and the effects of histologic changes on defecatory function are not well-known. METHODS To evaluate the inflammatory and preneoplastic(More)
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