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Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a common form of mental retardation caused by the absence of functional fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). FXS is associated with elevated density and length of dendritic spines, as well as an immature-appearing distribution profile of spine morphologies in the neocortex. Mice that lack FMRP (Fmr1 knockout mice) exhibit(More)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common form of inherited mental retardation. Observed neuropathologies associated with FXS include abnormal length, morphology, and density of dendritic spines, reported in individuals with FXS and in Fmr1 knockout (KO) mice, an animal model of FXS. To date, however, these neuropathologies have been studied in Fmr1 KO(More)
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