Nicholas L. Abbott

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Although much progress has been made in the identification and characterization of adhesins borne by pathogenic bacteria, the molecular details underlying their interaction with host receptors remain largely unknown owing to the lack of appropriate probing techniques. Here we report a method, based on atomic force microscopy (AFM) with tips bearing(More)
The spontaneous assembly of phospholipids at planar interfaces between thermotropic liquid crystals and aqueous phases gives rise to patterned orientations of the liquid crystals that reflect the spatial and temporal organization of the phospholipids. Strong and weak specific-binding events involving proteins at these interfaces drive the reorganization of(More)
The ordering of liquid crystals (LCs) is known to be influenced by surfaces and contaminants. Here, we report that picogram per milliliter concentrations of endotoxin in water trigger ordering transitions in micrometer-size LC droplets. The ordering transitions, which occur at surface concentrations of endotoxin that are less than 10(-5) Langmuir, are not(More)
This paper demonstrates that matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is very well suited for characterizing self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiolates on gold and, in particular, for analyzing chemical reactions on monolayers. Three examples establish the generality of MALDI-TOF for this(More)
Protein microarrays are playing an increasingly important role in the discovery and characterization of protein-ligand interactions. The uniform orientation conferred by site-specific immobilization is a demonstrable advantage in using such microarrays. Here, we report on a general strategy for fabricating gold surfaces displaying a protein in a uniform(More)
The competitive binding of a molecule forming a liquid crystal and a targeted analyte to a common molecular receptor presented at a solid surface possessing nanometer-scale topography is used to trigger an easily visualized surface-driven change in the orientation of a micrometer-thick film of liquid crystal. Diffusion of the targeted analyte from(More)
The combination of aqueous, alkaline cyanide ion (l M KOH, 0.1 M KCN) and dioxygen rapidly etches Au(0) (eq l).'-o Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of long-chain alkanethiolates 4Au * 8CN-+ 02 + 2H2O-4[Au(CN)z]-+ 4OH-(l) on the surface of the gold block this etching. Using a number of techniques-micromachining, microwriting, electron-beam lithography,(More)
Liquid crystals (LCs) were used to amplify and transduce receptor-mediated binding of proteins at surfaces into optical outputs. Spontaneously organized surfaces were designed so that protein molecules, upon binding to ligands hosted on these surfaces, triggered changes in the orientations of 1- to 20-micrometer-thick films of supported LCs, thus(More)
Topical application of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is considered to accelerate tissue repair of impaired chronic wounds. However, the vast literature is plagued with conflicting reports of its efficacy in animal models and this is often influenced by a wide array of experimental variables making it difficult to compare the results across the(More)
We report an investigation of the binding ability of a protein immobilized on surfaces with different orientations but in identical interfacial microenvironments. The surfaces present mixed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of 11-[19-carboxymethylhexa(ethylene glycol)]undecyl-1-thiol, 1, and 11-tetra(ethylene glycol) undecyl-1-thiol, 2. Whereas 2 is used to(More)