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A recombinant hexahistidine-tagged 18.5-kDa isoform of murine myelin basic protein has been characterized biochemically and immunogenically, by mass spectrometry, by circular dichroism under various conditions (in aqueous solution, with monosialoganglioside G(M1), and in 89% 2-propanol), and by transmission electron microscopy. The preparations of this(More)
The recombinant 18.5-kDa charge isoform of murine myelin basic protein (rmMBP) is unmodified posttranslationally and was used to study the effects of deimination, i.e., the conversion of arginyl to citrullinyl residues, on the protein's interactions with itself and with lipids. The unmodified species rmMBP-Cit(0) (i.e., containing no citrullinyl residues)(More)
T cell recognition of foreign Ag/MHC class II complexes is sensitive down to approximately 100 complexes per cell or approximately 0.2 complexes/micron2. To better understand the physical basis of the recognition stage of Ag presentation, we examined adhesion of the lysozyme- specific T cell hybridoma, 3A9, to artificial bilayers containing covalent MHC(More)
The British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) index is a computerized index for measuring clinical disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which was developed according to the principle of the physician's 'intention to treat'. The index allocates separate alphabetic scores to each of eight organ-based systems; a total score is not(More)
Recent studies have suggested that T cell memory for recall antigens resides in clones of primed T cells with a short inter-mitotic half-life. In humans such cells express an isoform of the leukocyte common antigen termed CD45RO. Nevertheless, little is known of the fate of these primed T cells after initial activation, since no markers are available to(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules bind antigenic peptides for display to T lymphocytes. Although the enzymes involved remain to be identified, it is commonly believed that class II associated peptides are released from intact antigens through a series of proteolytic steps carried out inside antigen presenting cells. We have examined(More)
We investigated the specificity of T cell hybridomas isolated from mice immunized with synthetic peptides identical in sequence with the dominant, naturally processed, I-Ak-restricted peptides of hen egg lysozyme (HEL). Surprisingly, the majority of hybridomas showed little or no recognition of intact HEL after processing by different APCs. This was not an(More)
The rules governing which T cells are inactivated during peptide-induced tolerance are unclear. Here we show that MBP(89-101) contains three overlapping but distinct T cell epitopes that are restricted by a single major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecule. The dominant epitope is not processed from MBP and is not relevant to the induction of(More)
We have chemically analyzed the peptides presented by I-Ek molecules after processing of hen egg lysozyme (HEL) by a murine B-lymphoma line or by splenocytes. In both cases, the identified peptides were derived from a single region of HEL, containing the core residues 85-96 with heterogeneous N and C termini. This was a surprising result because this(More)