Nicholas J. Severs

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Gap junctions form the cell-to-cell pathways for propagation of the precisely orchestrated patterns of current flow that govern the regular rhythm of the healthy heart. As in most tissues and organs, multiple connexin types are expressed in the heart: connexin43 (Cx43), Cx40 and Cx45 are found in distinctive combinations and relative quantities in(More)
Congestive heart failure is associated with a high risk of life-threatening ventricular re-entrant arrhythmias. Down-regulation of the principal gap-junctional protein of the ventricular myocytes, connexin43, has previously been implicated in arrhythmia in ischaemic heart disease, but it is not known whether connexin43 is similarly reduced in heart failure(More)
BACKGROUND Slow, nonuniform conduction caused by abnormal gap-junctional coupling of infarct-related myocardium is thought to be a component of the arrhythmogenic substrate. The hypothesis that changes in gap-junctional distribution in the epicardial border zone (EBZ) of healing canine infarcts define the locations of reentrant ventricular tachycardia (VT)(More)
BACKGROUND Gap junctions are a determinant of myocardial conduction. Disturbances of gap-junctional content may account for abnormalities of impulse propagation, contributing to the arrhythmic tendency and mechanical inefficiency of ischemic and hypertrophied myocardium. The aim of this study was to characterize gap junction organization in normal human(More)
To identify genetic factors influencing cardiac conduction, we carried out a genome-wide association study of electrocardiographic time intervals in 6,543 Indian Asians. We identified association of a nonsynonymous SNP, rs6795970, in SCN10A (P = 2.8 x 10(-15)) with PR interval, a marker of cardiac atrioventricular conduction. Replication testing among 6,243(More)
Bidirectional transport of early endosomes (EEs) involves microtubules (MTs) and associated motors. In fungi, the dynein/dynactin motor complex concentrates in a comet-like accumulation at MT plus-ends to receive kinesin-3-delivered EEs for retrograde transport. Here, we analyse the loading of endosomes onto dynein by combining live imaging of(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF), a cardiac arrhythmia arising from atrial re-entrant circuits, is a common complication after cardiac surgery, but the proarrhythmic substrate underlying the development of postoperative AF remains unclear. This study investigated the hypothesis that altered expression of connexins, the component proteins of gap(More)
The present study investigates the remodeling of gap junctional organization in relation to changes in anisotropic conduction properties in hypertrophied right ventricles (RVs) of rats with monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension. In contrast to controls that showed immunolocalization of connexin43 (Cx43) labeling largely confined to the(More)
We previously demonstrated that alpha 6 (Cx45), one of the three connexins of the mammalian myocardium, is preferentially expressed in the peripheral portion of the ventricular conduction system in rats and mice. Here we report that alpha 6 is also prominently immunolocalized in the atrioventricular node and His bundle of these species. The distribution of(More)