Nicholas J. Schnicker

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The osmolyte dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) is a key nutrient in marine environments and its catabolism by bacteria through enzymes known as DMSP lyases generates dimethylsulfide (DMS), a gas of importance in climate regulation, the sulfur cycle, and signaling to higher organisms. Despite the environmental significance of DMSP lyases, little is known(More)
Enormous amounts of the organic osmolyte dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) are produced in marine environments where bacterial DMSP lyases cleave it, yielding acrylate and the climate-active gas dimethyl sulfide (DMS). SAR11 bacteria are the most abundant clade of heterotrophic bacteria in the oceans and play a key role in DMSP catabolism. An important(More)
Prolyl hydroxylation is a very common post-translational modification and has many roles in eukaryotes such as, collagen stabilization, hypoxia sensing, and controlling protein transcription and translation. There is growing evidence suggesting prokaryotes contain prolyl 4-hydroxylases (P4Hs) homologous to the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-prolyl(More)
The prolyl 4-hydroxylases (P4Hs) are mononuclear nonheme iron enzymes that catalyze the formation of 4R-hydroxyproline from many different substrates, with various biological implications. P4H is a key player in collagen accumulation, which has implications in fibrotic disorders. The stabilization of collagen triple-helical structure via prolyl(More)
Proline hydroxylation is the most prevalent post-translational modification in collagen. The resulting product trans-4-hydroxyproline (Hyp) is of critical importance for the stability and thus function of collagen, with defects leading to several diseases. Prolyl 4-hydroxylases (P4Hs) are mononuclear non-heme iron α-ketoglutarate (αKG)-dependent(More)
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