Nicholas J. Panopoulos

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Loss of the ability of Pseudomonas syringae pv. "phaseolicola" NPS3121 to elicit a hypersensitive response on tobacco and other nonhost plants was associated with loss of pathogenicity on the susceptible host bean. Eight independent, prototrophic transposon Tn5 insertion mutants which had lost the ability to elicit a hypersensitive response on tobacco(More)
The ability of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola harpin (HrpZPsph) to elicit hypersensitive response was investigated in three Nicotiana genotypes. The hrpZPsph gene was placed under chemical regulation (tetracycline induction) in TetR+ Nicotiana tabacum cv. Wisconsin 38 (W38) or was transiently expressed in N. benthamiana following infection with a(More)
The hrp gene clusters of plant pathogenic bacteria control pathogenicity on their host plants and ability to elicit the hypersensitive reaction in resistant plants. Some hrp gene products constitute elements of the type III secretion system, by which effector proteins are exported and delivered into plant cells. Here, we show that the hrpZ gene product from(More)
The hrp genes of Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola control the development of primary disease symptoms in bean plants and the elicitation of the hypersensitive response in resistant plants. We examined the expression of the seven operons located in the 22-kb hrp cluster (L. G. Rahme, M. N. Mindrinos, and N. J. Panopoulos, J. Bacteriol. 173:575-586,(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola produces the tripeptide N delta(N'-sulfo-diaminophosphinyl)-ornithylalanyl-homoarginin e (phaseolotoxin), which functions as a chlorosis-inducing toxin in the bean halo blight disease by inhibiting ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OCT). The bacterium possesses duplicate OCT genes, one of which, argK, encodes a(More)
Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used with specific TaqMan probes to examine transcription of selected hrp and effector genes in Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola strains 1448A (race 6) and 1449B (race 7). Transcripts examined were from genes encoding the regulators hrpR and hrpL, core structural components of the type III secretion(More)
Type III secretion systems enable plant and animal bacterial pathogens to deliver virulence proteins into the cytosol of eukaryotic host cells, causing a broad spectrum of diseases including bacteremia, septicemia, typhoid fever, and bubonic plague in mammals, and localized lesions, systemic wilting, and blights in plants. In addition, type III secretion(More)
Epiphytic populations of Pseudomonas syringae and Erwinia herbicola are important sources of ice nuclei that incite frost damage in agricultural crop plants. We have cloned and characterized DNA segments carrying the genes (ice) responsible for the ice-nucleating ability of these bacteria. The ice region spanned 3.5 to 4.0 kilobases and was continuous over(More)
Phytopathogenic Cercospora species produce cercosporin, a photoactivated perylenequinone toxin that belongs to a family of photosensitizers which absorb light energy and produce extremely cytotoxic, reactive oxygen species. In this work, we used Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model system for the identification and cloning of genes whose products mediate(More)