Nicholas J Mantis

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There is an urgent need for the development of a passive immunotherapy against the category B select agent ricin, a lethal ribosome-inactivating toxin composed of an enzymatic A subunit (RTA) and a single binding B subunit (RTB). To date, only one monoclonal antibody (MAb), a mouse immunoglobulin G (IgG1) against RTA called R70, has been deemed sufficiently(More)
Immune surveillance of mucosal surfaces requires the delivery of intact macromolecules and microorganisms across epithelial barriers to organized mucosal lymphoid tissues. Transport, processing and presentation of foreign antigens, as well as local induction and clonal expansion of antigen-specific effector lymphocytes, involves a close collaboration(More)
A set of Agrobacterium tumefaciens operons required for pathogenesis is coordinately induced during plant infection by the VirA and VirG proteins. The intracellular concentration of VirG increases in response to acidic media, and this response was proposed to be regulated at the level of transcription at a promoter (P2) that resembles the Escherichia coli(More)
Due to the potential use of ricin and other fast-acting toxins as agents of bioterrorism, there is an urgent need for the development of safe and effective antitoxin vaccines. A candidate ricin subunit vaccine (RiVax) consisting of a recombinant attenuated enzymatic A chain (RTA) has been shown to elicit protective antitoxin antibodies in mice and rabbits(More)
Recent incidents in the United States and abroad have heightened concerns about the use of ricin toxin as a bioterrorism agent. In this study, we produced, using a robust plant-based platform, four chimeric toxin-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies that were then evaluated for the ability to passively protect mice from a lethal-dose ricin challenge. The most(More)
In an effort to engineer countermeasures for the category B toxin ricin, we produced and characterized a collection of epitopic tagged, heavy chain-only antibody VH domains (VHHs) specific for the ricin enzymatic (RTA) and binding (RTB) subunits. Among the 20 unique ricin-specific VHHs we identified, six had toxin-neutralizing activity: five specific for(More)
M cells represent the primary route by which mucosal Ags are transported across the intestinal epithelium and delivered to underlying gut-associated lymphoid tissues. In rodents and rabbits, Peyer's patch M cells selectively bind and endocytose secretory IgA (SIgA) Abs. Neither the nature of the M cell IgR nor the domains of SIgA involved in this(More)
The initial step in many mucosal infections is pathogen attachment to glycoconjugates on the apical surfaces of intestinal epithelial cells. We examined the ability of virus-sized (120-nm) and bacterium-sized (1-microm) particles to adhere to specific glycolipids and protein-linked oligosaccharides on the apical surfaces of rabbit Peyer's patch villus(More)
Secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) antibodies directed against the O antigen of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are the primary determinants of mucosal immunity to gram-negative enteric pathogens. However, the underlying mechanisms by which these antibodies interfere with bacterial colonization and invasion of intestinal epithelial cells are not well understood. In(More)
We tested the immunogenicity in mice of a recombinant fusion protein (gp41HA) consisting of the ectodomain of the HIV-1(IIIB) envelope glycoprotein gp41 fused to a fragment of the influenza virus HA2 hemagglutinin protein. An intraperitoneal prime followed by intranasal or intragastric boosts with gp41HA induced high concentrations of serum IgG antibodies(More)