Nicholas J Macdonald

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We report the first correlation of Nm23 sequence and its tumor metastasis-suppressive capacity using site-directed mutagenesis and an in vitro tumor cell motility assay. MDA-MB-435 human breast carcinoma cells were transfected with a control expression vector (pCMVBamneo), the vector containing the wild type nm23-H1, or the nm23-H1 vector encoding mutations(More)
The mechanism of action of Endostatin, an endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth, remains unknown. We utilized phage-display technology to identify polypeptides that mimic the binding domains of proteins with which Endostatin interacts. A conformed peptide (E37) was identified that shares an epitope with human tropomyosin implicating(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the safety and immunogenicity of two vaccines, MSP1(42)-FVO/Alhydrogel and MSP1(42)-3D7/Alhydrogel, targeting blood-stage Plasmodium falciparum parasites. DESIGN A Phase 1 open-label, dose-escalating study. SETTING Quintiles Phase 1 Services, Lenexa, Kansas between July 2004 and November 2005. PARTICIPANTS Sixty healthy(More)
We previously compared the structure and motility suppressive capacity of nm23-H1 by transfection of wild type and site-directed mutant forms into breast carcinoma cells. Wild type nm23-H1 and an nm23-H1(S44A) (serine 44 to alanine) mutant suppressed motility, whereas the nm23-H1(P96S), nm23-H1(S120G), and to a lesser extent, nm23-H1(S120A) mutant forms(More)
We describe a serine phosphorylation of the putative metastasis suppressor protein Nm23, and present evidence of its relevance to the signal transduction and tumor metastatic processes. Nm23 was previously demonstrated to exhibit nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK) activity, which transfers a phosphate among nucleoside tri- and diphosphates via an(More)
The metastatic process is complex, requiring invasion, haematogenous and/or lymphatic dissemination, angiogenesis, colonization of a distant site and avoidance of host immune responses. These phenotypic changes can be accomplished by a variety of molecular pathways. Recent evidence suggests that many of the genetic events required for metastatic competence(More)
The s48/45 domain was first noted in Plasmodium proteins more than 15 y ago. Previously believed to be unique to Plasmodium, the s48/45 domain is present in other aconoidasidans. In Plasmodium, members of the s48/45 family of proteins are localized on the surface of the parasite in different stages, mostly by glycosylphosphatydylinositol-anchoring. Members(More)
The aim of a malaria transmission-blocking vaccine is to block the development of malaria parasites in the mosquito and thus prevent subsequent infection of the human host. Previous studies have demonstrated that the gametocyte/gamete surface protein Pfs230 can induce transmission-blocking immunity and have evaluated Escherichia coli-produced Pfs230 as a(More)
The Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (CSP) is critical for sporozoite function and invasion of hepatocytes. Given its critical nature, a phase III human CSP malaria vaccine trial is ongoing. The CSP is composed of three regions as follows: an N terminus that binds heparin sulfate proteoglycans, a four amino acid repeat region (NANP), and a C(More)
As malaria becomes increasingly drug resistant and more costly to treat, there is increasing urgency to develop effective vaccines. In comparison to other stages of the malaria lifecycle, sexual stage antigens are under less immune selection pressure and hence are likely to have limited antigenic diversity. Clinical isolates from a wide range of(More)