Nicholas J. Long

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The effect of various cholinergic agents on human spermatozoa motility was studied. Both direct-acting (e.g., acetylcholine, pilocarpine) and indirect-acting (e.g., physostigmine) cholinergic agonists stimulated human spermatozoa motility. All the cholinergic antagonists (e.g., atropine, hyoscine, hexamethonium, d-tubocurarine, and succinylcholine)(More)
MRI offers high spatial resolution with excellent tissue penetration but it has limited sensitivity and the commonly administered contrast agents lack specificity. In this study, two sets of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) were synthesized that were designed to selectively undergo copper-free click conjugation upon sensing of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)(More)
Despite the contribution of changes in pancreatic β-cell mass to the development of all forms of diabetes mellitus, few robust approaches currently exist to monitor these changes prospectively in vivo. Although magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI) provides a potentially useful technique, targeting MRI-active probes to the β cell has proved challenging. Zinc(More)
Microfluidic technology has been used to perform [(11)C]carbonylation reactions using solutions containing [(11)C]CO in the form of the complex, copper(i)tris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)borate-[(11)C]carbonyl (Cu(Tp*)[(11)C]CO). The synthesis of the model compound [(11)C]N-benzylbenzamide and the known tracer molecule(More)
General procedures. NMR spectra were recorded on an Advance DMX 400 Bruker spectrometer. Chemical shifts are reported in ppm with solvent as internal reference. HPLC was carried out on a HP 3000 system with a reverse phase c18 semi prep column. Electronic absorption spectra were recorded on a Varian CARY 50 probe UV/vis. spectrometer. otherwise stated.(More)
1,1'-Difunctionalised ferrocene derivatives have been studied, which contain groups suitable for chemisorption on gold substrates, namely -NC, -PR(2) as well as a range of sulfur-containing units like -NCS, -SR, and thienyl. Thin films on gold have been fabricated from solution with most of these adsorbate species. Film thickness, composition and structure(More)
A series of gadolinium complexes were synthesised in order to test the design of dual-modal probes that display a change in fluorescence or relaxivity response upon binding of zinc. A dansyl-DO3ATA gadolinium complex [GdL1] displayed an increase and a slight blue-shift in fluorescence in the presence of zinc; however, a decrease in relaxation rate was(More)
We demonstrate controllable poration within ≈1 µm regions of individual cells, mediated by a near-IR laser interacting with thin-layer amorphous silicon substrates. This technique will allow new experiments in single-cell biology, particularly in neuroscience. As our understanding of the fundamental mechanistic processes underpinning biology expands, so(More)
Maximum entropy inference can be used to find equations for the critical currents (J c) in a type II superconductor as a function of temperature, applied magnetic field, and angle of the applied field, θ or . This approach provides an understanding of how the macroscopic critical currents arise from averaging over different sources of vortex pinning. The(More)
Two novel dual-modal MRI/optical probes based on a rhodamine-DO3A conjugate have been prepared. The bis(aqua)gadolinium(III) complex Gd.L1 and mono(aqua)gadolinium(III) complex Gd.L2 behave as dual-modal imaging probes (r1 = 8.5 and 3.8 mM(-1) s(-1) for Gd.L1 and Gd.L2, respectively; λex = 560 nm and λem = 580 nm for both complexes). The rhodamine fragment(More)