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Severe deafness or hearing impairment is the most prevalent inherited sensory disorder, affecting about 1 in 1,000 children. Most deafness results from peripheral auditory defects that occur as a consequence of either conductive (outer or middle ear) or sensorineuronal (cochlea) abnormalities. Although a number of mutant genes have been identified that are(More)
The positional cloning of genes underlying common complex diseases relies on the identification of linkage disequilibrium (LD) between genetic markers and disease. We have examined 127 polymorphisms in three genomic regions in a sample of 575 chromosomes from unrelated individuals of British ancestry. To establish phase, 800 individuals were genotyped in(More)
Prelingual non-syndromic (isolated) deafness is the most frequent hereditary sensory defect. In >80% of the cases, the mode of transmission is autosomal recessive. To date, 14 loci have been identified for the recessive forms (DFNB loci). For two of them, DFNB1 and DFNB2, the genes responsible have been characterized; they encode connexin 26 and myosin(More)
Genetic studies in inflammatory bowel disease have identified multiple susceptibility loci, whose relevance depends critically on verification in independent cohorts. Genetic variants associated with Crohn's disease have now been identified on chromosomes 5 (IBD5/5q31 risk haplotype) and 16 (IBD1 locus, CARD15/NOD2 mutations). Stratification of genome-wide(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is an autosomal recessive syndrome whose principal features are progressive cerebellar ataxia, oculocutaneous telangiectasia, varied immune defects, a high cancer incidence, and clinical and cellular sensitivity to ionizing radiation and certain radiomimetic compounds. Cell and chromosome complementation studies have provided(More)
We have developed a vectorette PCR approach to provide an improved method for isolation of microsatellite repeats. The modified procedure relies on PCR amplification using a vectorette-specific primer in combination with one of a panel of anchored dinucleotide repeat primers. The target DNA to be screened for microsatellite sequences can be from YAC, P1,(More)
We report a mutation in the connexin 26 gene (Cx26) in a consanguineous Moroccan family linked to the DFNA3/DFNB1 locus on human chromosome 13q11-q12. Affected subjects display congenital, bilateral, sensorineural hearing loss. We have previously identified Cx26 mutations in consanguineous Pakistani families. This current finding indicates that Cx26(More)
Schwartz-Jampel syndrome (SJS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by the presence of myotonia with a mask-like face, skeletal dysplasia, and growth retardation. Two types have been defined by the age of manifestation of the symptoms. Linkage of Schwartz-Jampel syndrome to human chromosome 1p34-p36.1 has been shown in families where(More)
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