Nicholas J. Lench

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Severe deafness or hearing impairment is the most prevalent inherited sensory disorder, affecting about 1 in 1,000 children. Most deafness results from peripheral auditory defects that occur as a consequence of either conductive (outer or middle ear) or sensorineuronal (cochlea) abnormalities. Although a number of mutant genes have been identified that are(More)
Prelingual non-syndromic (isolated) deafness is the most frequent hereditary sensory defect. In >80% of the cases, the mode of transmission is autosomal recessive. To date, 14 loci have been identified for the recessive forms (DFNB loci). For two of them, DFNB1 and DFNB2, the genes responsible have been characterized; they encode connexin 26 and myosin(More)
A genomic sequence close to the cystic fibrosis locus with the characteristics of an HTF island has been selectively cloned and characterized. Two markers flanking this sequence, which is conserved throughout mammalian evolution, show a very much greater disequilibrium than that found with any existing marker. A single mutational event accounts for most(More)
Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome, or keratosis palmoplantaris with periodontopathia (PLS, MIM 245000), is an autosomal recessive disorder that is mainly ascertained by dentists because of the severe periodontitis that afflicts patients. Both the deciduous and permanent dentitions are affected, resulting in premature tooth loss. Palmoplantar keratosis, varying from(More)
The positional cloning of genes underlying common complex diseases relies on the identification of linkage disequilibrium (LD) between genetic markers and disease. We have examined 127 polymorphisms in three genomic regions in a sample of 575 chromosomes from unrelated individuals of British ancestry. To establish phase, 800 individuals were genotyped in(More)
Primary (or "true") microcephaly is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is thought to be genetically heterogeneous. Using autozygosity mapping, we have identified a genetic locus (MCPH1) for primary microcephaly, at chromosome 8p22-pter, in two consanguineous families of Pakistani origin. Our results indicate that the gene lies within a 13-cM(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hypercholesterolaemia is a common autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in three known genes. DNA-based cascade testing is recommended by UK guidelines to identify affected relatives; however, about 60% of patients are mutation-negative. We assessed the hypothesis that familial hypercholesterolaemia can also be caused by an(More)
Primary autosomal recessive microcephaly is a clinical diagnosis of exclusion in an individual with a head circumference >/=4 SDs below the expected age-and-sex mean. There is associated moderate mental retardation, and neuroimaging shows a small but structurally normal cerebral cortex. The inheritance pattern in the majority of cases is considered to be(More)
Primary microcephaly is a clinical diagnosis made when an individual has a head circumference of greater than 3 standard deviations below the age and sex matched population mean, mental retardation but without other associated malformations and no apparent aetiology. The majority of cases of primary microcephaly exhibit an autosomal recessive mode of(More)