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The brain, particularly the hypothalamus, integrates input from factors that stimulate (orexigenic) and inhibit (anorexigenic) food intake. In fish, the identification of appetite regulators has been achieved by the use of both peptide injections followed by measurements of food intake, and by molecular cloning combined with gene expression studies.(More)
Fish urotensin I (UI), a member of the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) family of peptides, is a potent inhibitor of food intake in mammals, yet the role of UI in the control of food intake in fish is not known. Therefore, to determine the acute effects of UI on appetite relative to those of CRH, goldfish were given intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.)(More)
Although environmental, social and physical stressors have been shown to inhibit food intake and feeding behavior in fish, little is known about the mechanisms that mediate the appetite-suppressing effects of stress. Since the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis is activated in response to most forms of stress in fish, components of this axis may(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and urotensin I (UI) precursor cDNAs were cloned and sequenced from a goldfish brain cDNA library in order to investigate the distribution of CRF and UI mRNAs in goldfish brain and the regulation of CRF and UI gene expression. The CRF (966-bp) and UI (769-bp) cDNAs encode 163- and 146-amino acid precursors, respectively,(More)
In fish, the catecholamine hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline are released into the circulation, from chromaffin cells, during numerous 'stressful' situations. The physiological and biochemical actions of these hormones (the efferent adrenergic response) have been the focus of numerous investigations over the past several decades. However, until(More)
from aquatic to aerial respiration in vertebrates have been of interest to physiologists for centuries, with extant air-breathing fishes providing a glimpse into how aerial respiration must have arisen (Burggren and Johansen, 1986). The aquatic-to-aerial transition has obvious implications for gas transport but also has dramatic effects on the physiology of(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)- and urotensin I (UI)-expressing cells of the preoptic area (POA) and caudal neurosecretory system (CNSS) are considered key contributors to the regulation of the stress response in fish; however, the expression pattern of these neurons to environmental and social challenges have not been compared in a single study.(More)
Transfer to seawater (SW) in rainbow trout elicits an increase in plasma cortisol and a bout of anorexia. Although the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) system has known hypophysiotropic and anorexigenic properties, it is not known whether CRF-related peptides originating from either the forebrain or the caudal neurosecretory system (CNSS) play a role(More)
While serotonin (5-HT) can stimulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal stress axis in fish, the specific site(s) of 5-HT action are poorly understood. In this study, goldfish (Carassius auratus) were injected intraperitoneally with either saline or the 5-HT1A/7 receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT at a dose of 100 or 400 μg/kg body weight and sampled 1.5 and 8 h(More)
The corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) system in fish functions to maintain homeostasis during stress in part by regulating cortisol production via the hypothalamus-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis. Towards understanding the role of the CRF system in vertebrate development, we describe the ontogeny of the CRF system, cortisol, and the stress response in(More)