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AIMS To develop and validate a non-invasive method for measuring myocardial iron in order to allow diagnosis and treatment before overt cardiomyopathy and failure develops. METHODS AND RESULTS We have developed a new magnetic resonance T2-star (T2*) technique for the measurement of tissue iron, with validation to chemical estimation of iron in patients(More)
AIMS Troponin measurement is used in the assessment and risk stratification of patients presenting acutely with chest pain when the main cause of elevation is coronary artery disease. However, some patients have no coronary obstruction on angiography, leading to diagnostic uncertainty. We evaluated the incremental diagnostic value of cardiovascular magnetic(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a simplified protocol by using free-breathing three-dimensional (3D) coronary magnetic resonance (MR) angiography to determine the anatomy of anomalous coronary arteries, in particular the relationship of the vessels to the aortic root. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-six patients (18 men, eight women; mean age, 50 years; age range, 18-77(More)
Navigator acceptance imaging methods are hindered by the loss in scan efficiency which results from the changes in the breathing pattern of a subject over time. The diminishing variance algorithm (DVA), which does not use a predefined acceptance window, is less influenced by such changes. The use of phase ordering and weighting techniques has been shown to(More)
AIM Despite prompt revascularization of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), substantial myocardial injury may occur, in part a consequence of ischaemia reperfusion injury (IRI). There has been considerable interest in therapies that may reduce IRI. In experimental models of AMI, sodium nitrite substantially reduces IRI. In this double-blind randomized(More)
The chemical mutagen ethylmethanesulphonate (EMS) has been used to generate mutants of Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora which are defective in the secretion of pectinases (Pel) and cellulases (Cel) but unaltered for protease (Prt) secretion. Such mutants, called Out-, still synthesize Pel and Cel but these enzymes accumulate within the periplasm.(More)
RATIONALE Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) predisposed to recurrent coronary events have an expansion of a distinctive T-cell subset, the CD4(+)CD28(null) T cells. These cells are highly inflammatory and cytotoxic in spite of lacking the costimulatory receptor CD28, which is crucial for optimal T cell function. The mechanisms that govern(More)
Whilst advances in reperfusion therapies have reduced early mortality from acute myocardial infarction, heart failure remains a common complication, and may develop very early or long after the acute event. Reperfusion itself leads to further tissue damage, a process described as ischaemia-reperfusion-injury (IRI), which contributes up to 50% of the final(More)
We evaluated the use of Clariscan 0.75, 2, and 5 mg Fe/kg body weight in six patients to determine optimal dosing for short repetition time cine imaging. Breathhold cine images were acquired in the vertical and horizontal long axes and the short axis. Blood-pool signal-to-noise ratio increased significantly in all planes (p < 0.01) but was least marked in(More)
PURPOSE To examine magnetic resonance coronary artery imaging after NC100150-Injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS Breath-hold and navigator-gated images were acquired in five patients. RESULTS Breath-hold image quality, coronary artery-fat SDNR, and coronary artery SNR improved. Respiratory artifacts due to reduced liver signal intensity degraded(More)