Nicholas G. Jones

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Long postmenopausal lifespans distinguish humans from all other primates. This pattern may have evolved with mother-child food sharing, a practice that allowed aging females to enhance their daughters' fertility, thereby increasing selection against senescence. Combined with Charnov's dimensionless assembly rules for mammalian life histories, this(More)
Despite the discovery of ion channels that are activated by protons, we still know relatively little about the signaling of acid pain. We used a novel technique, iontophoresis of protons, to investigate acid-induced pain in human volunteers. We found that transdermal iontophoresis of protons consistently caused moderate pain that was dose-dependent. A(More)
Reproductive experiences for women in today's affluent Western nations differ from those of women in hunting and gathering societies, who continue the ancestral human pattern. These differences parallel commonly accepted reproductive risk factors for cancers of the breast, endometrium and ovary. Nutritional practices, exercise requirements, and body(More)
Ketamine induces, in both humans and rodents, behaviours analogous to some of the symptoms of schizophrenia. To utilise pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI) techniques that identify changes in blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) contrast to determine the temporal and spatial neuronal activation profile of ketamine in the rat brain. To(More)
Acute noxious stimuli activate a specialized neuronal detection system that generates sensations of pain and, generally, adaptive behavioral responses. More persistent noxious stimuli notably those associated with some chronic injuries and disease states not only activate the pain-signaling system but also dramatically alter its properties so that weak(More)
The assumption that large mammal hunting and scavenging are economically advantageous to hominid foragers is examined in the light of data collected among the Hadza of northern Tanzania. Hadza hunters disregard small prey in favour of larger forms (mean adult mass greater than or equal to 40 kg). Here we report experimental data showing that hunters would(More)
Human monogenic pain syndromes have provided important insights into the molecular mechanisms that underlie normal and pathological pain states. We describe an autosomal-dominant familial episodic pain syndrome characterized by episodes of debilitating upper body pain, triggered by fasting and physical stress. Linkage and haplotype analysis mapped this(More)
We reanalyze brane inflation with brane-brane interactions at an angle, which include the special case of brane-anti-brane interaction. If nature is described by a stringy realization of the brane world scenario today (with arbitrary compactification), and if some additional branes were present in the early universe, we find that an inflationary epoch is(More)
Abstract Rationale and objectives. m-Chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP) induces panic in humans and dose dependently increases unconditioned escape behaviour in a novel pre-clinical model of extreme anxiety in rats, the unstable elevated exposed plus maze (UEEPM). Numerous studies indicate that the anxiogenic effects of mCPP may be mediated by its action at the(More)
Most neuronal models of learning assume that changes in synaptic strength are the main mechanism underlying long-term memory (LTM) formation. However, we show here that a persistent depolarization of membrane potential, a type of cellular change that increases neuronal responsiveness, contributes significantly to a long-lasting associative memory trace. The(More)