Nicholas G Evanoff

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PURPOSE To explore the temporal relationship between brachial artery peak shear stress (Shear) and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in children and adults. METHODS Shear and brachial artery diameter were tracked following reactive hyperemia in 122 children and 350 adults using sonographic imaging. RESULTS Peak Shear, Shear area under the curve (Shear(AUC)),(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we have demonstrated that high-flow-mediated constriction (H-FMC) of the brachial artery has been shown to negatively affect flow-mediated dilation (FMD). However, the reproducibility of an H-FMC response is unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the intra- and interday reproducibility of H-FMC in young adults. (More)
PURPOSE When assessing brachial endothelial function by reactive hyperaemia, stopping blood flow creates a period of low-flow-mediated constriction (L-FMC). As little is known about how this parameter influences flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD), the purpose of this study was to better understand this relationship and to determine the intra- and interday(More)
PURPOSE During reactive hyperemia, the brachial artery in some individuals constricts prior to dilation. Our aim was to describe the frequency of high-flow-mediated constriction (H-FMC) in adults, and its relationship to body composition and biomarkers of cardiovascular and metabolic risk. METHODS Two hundred forty-six adults (124 male, 122 female; 36 ± 7(More)
PURPOSE When assessing vasomotor endothelial function by reactive hyperemia, the brachial artery, in some individuals, constricts immediately before beginning to dilate following cuff release. We call this response high-flow-mediated constriction (H-FMC). The aim of this study was to describe the rate of the H-FMC during reactive hyperemia in children and(More)
Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) relies on reactive hyperemia to stimulate the endothelium to release nitric oxide, causing smooth muscle relaxation. Hypercapnia also produces vasodilation, which is thought to be nitric oxide-independent. The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast the effects of hypercapnia and reactive hyperemia as stimuli for(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the reproducibility of the peripheral vascular response to hypercapnia. Healthy college-aged men (n = 7) and women (n = 10) underwent an iso-oxic 10-mm Hg increase in PetCO2 for 12 min. Brachial artery diameter changes were measured using ultrasound imaging. Two tests were completed on day 1 with 15 min of rest(More)
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