Nicholas F. Fell

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A determination of the viability of an endospore detection technique using terbium dipicolinate photoluminescence in the presence of other chemical and biological materials was performed. The compounds and organisms examined, possible environmental constituents, covered three broad categories:  organic compounds, inorganic compounds, and biological(More)
We measured fluorescence from spherical water droplets containing tryptophan and from aggregates of bacterial cells and compared these measurements with calculations of fluorescence of dielectric spheres. The measured dependence of fluorescence on size, from both droplets and dry-particle aggregates of bacteria, is proportional to the absorption cross(More)
Planar optical waveguides are an attractive tool for use in analytical chemistry and spectroscopy. Although similar to fiber optics, planar waveguides have been slow to be commercially accepted due to the difficulty of coupling light into the guide. Generally, prism coupling is the method of choice in the laboratory, as efficiencies approaching 80% can be(More)
Detecting bacterial endospores is a critical challenge to bioanalytical chemistry, since a number of serious diseases and health problems are caused by members of the sporeforming genera Bacillus and Clostridium. We have developed a highly sensitive method for their detection and have demonstrated detection limits of less than 5000 CFU/ml. Our method is(More)
A compact, lightweight, completely packaged, uncooled, fully-automated collinear acousto-optic tunable-filter (AOTF) based spectrometer has been used to measure Raman spectra of three organic energetic materials (NQ, HMX, and TNT) using argon-ion laser excitation. Even though the resolution of the AOTF spectrometer is modest (7.4 cm(-1)) and it was not(More)
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