Nicholas E. Wilson

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Rats exposed to inescapable heat stress maintained a controlled hyperthermia while increasing heat loss by cutaneous vasodilatation and by grooming behavior. In nonpregnant rats, the evaporation of saliva groomed onto the body surfaces increased exponentially as a function of ambient temperature above 36 degrees C. This was associated with a decrease in the(More)
The present article reports an experiment on the effects of baclofen (0, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/kg) on punished drinking in rats and the modification of these by delta-amino-n-valeric acid (DANVA) (0 and 10.0 mg/kg). Baclofen significantly enhanced punished drinking and this increase was abolished by DANVA, which had no intrinsic anxiogenic activity. It is(More)
— We study an efficient finite element method for the NS-ω model, that uses van Cittert approximate deconvolution to improve accuracy and Scott-Vogelius elements to provide pointwise mass conservative solutions and remove the dependence of the (often large) Bernoulli pressure error on the velocity error. We provide a complete numerical analysis of the(More)
We study extensions of the energy and helicity preserving scheme for the 3D Navier-Stokes equations, developed in [23], to a more general class of problems. The scheme is studied together with stabilizations of grad-div type in order to mitigate the effect of the Bernoulli pressure error on the velocity error. We prove stability, convergence, discuss(More)
The pull-up test for muscle relaxation is described and validated. At testing, rats were evaluated for their ability to recover ('pull-up') from a fully inverted head-down position. Control animals rapidly regained position (median: 1 s). Known muscle relaxants increased latency to pull-up compared to controls. The test proved sensitive to the effects of(More)