Nicholas E. Simpson

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Seven subjects 18 to 66 years old underwent 360 degrees rotation at a constant velocity of 3 degrees/sec, in 27 trials beginning randomly right ear down or left ear down. A camera on the rotating chair photographed both eyes every 10 degrees. Dual projectors measured counterrolling, the image from one projector being aligned and rotated until it was(More)
This paper considers potential problems encountered when using the Kety approach to measure perfusion in small laboratory animals with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) tracer uptake methods: a) the need to measure the arterial input function (AIF) in each animal; b) sensitivity to perfusion heterogeneity; c) sensitivity to low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR);(More)
The conduction velocity and other physiological characteristics of the first order horizontal canal afferents were studied in 24 anesthesized cats. From their spontaneous discharge patterns, neurons were classified into three groups: regular, intermediate and irregular; The irregular units tended to have a low resting rate, high sensitivity to angular(More)
Whole-volume tumor perfusion measured using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) observation of deuterated water uptake after intravenous injection and a common arterial input function (AIF) derived from AIF estimates in a small set of animals was compared with perfusion measured by the commonly used microsphere method in rat 9L gliosarcomas. Tumor perfusion(More)
The cysteine precursor L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate (OTZ, procysteine) can raise cysteine concentration, and thus glutathione levels, in some tissues. OTZ has therefore been proposed as a prodrug for combating oxidative stress. We have synthesized stable isotope labeled OTZ (i.e. L-2-oxo-[5-(13)C]-thiazolidine-4-carboxylate, (13)C-OTZ) and tracked its(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue derived stem cells (ADSCs) transplantation has recently gained widespread enthusiasm, particularly in the perspective to use them as potential alternative cell sources for hepatocytes in cell based therapy, mainly because of their capability of hepatogenic differentiation in vitro and in vivo. But some challenges remain to be(More)
Noninvasive monitoring of tissue-engineered constructs is an important component in optimizing construct design and assessing therapeutic efficacy. In recent years, cellular and molecular imaging initiatives have spurred the use of iron oxide-based contrast agents in the field of NMR imaging. Although their use in medical research has been widespread, their(More)
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Developing a method to noninvasively monitor tissue-engineered constructs is critical for the optimization of construct design and for assessing therapeutic efficacy. For this purpose, NMR is a powerful technique that can be used to obtain both images and spectroscopic data. But the inherent sensitivity of NMR limits the observation of a bioartificial(More)
A noninvasive method to measure relative regional tumor blood flow (rTBF) throughout murine tumors which uses deuterium NMR imaging to observe regional uptake of HOD after bolus iv injection of D2O is introduced. HOD uptake images are formed by subtraction of a background (preinjection) image from 94-s gradient-refocused deuterium NMR images acquired(More)