Nicholas E. Shepherd

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The nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex is a widely conserved transcriptional co-regulator that harbors both nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase activities. It plays a critical role in the early stages of ES cell differentiation and the reprogramming of somatic to induced pluripotent stem cells. Abnormalities in several NuRD(More)
A 13-residue peptide sequence from a respiratory syncitial virus fusion protein was constrained in an alpha-helical conformation by fusing two back-to-back cyclic alpha-turn mimetics. The resulting peptide, Ac-(3-->7; 8-->12)-bicyclo-FP[KDEFD][KSIRD]V-NH(2), was highly alpha-helical in water by CD and NMR spectroscopy, correctly positioning crucial binding(More)
Myelin transcription factor 1 (MyT1/NZF2), a member of the neural zinc-finger (NZF) protein family, is a transcription factor that plays a central role in the developing central nervous system. It has also recently been shown that, in combination with two other transcription factors, the highly similar paralog MyT1L is able to direct the differentiation of(More)
Recombinant proteins are important therapeutics due to potent, highly specific, and nontoxic actions in vivo. However, they are expensive medicines to manufacture, chemically unstable, and difficult to administer with low patient uptake and compliance. Small molecule drugs are cheaper and more bioavailable, but less target-specific in vivo and often have(More)
Cyclic pentapeptides are not known to exist in alpha-helical conformations. CD and NMR spectra show that specific 20-membered cyclic pentapeptides, Ac-(cyclo-1,5) [KxxxD]-NH(2) and Ac-(cyclo-2,6)-R[KxxxD]-NH(2), are highly alpha-helical structures in water and independent of concentration, TFE, denaturants, and proteases. These are the smallest(More)
Proteins typically consist of right-handed alpha helices, whereas left-handed alpha helices are rare in nature. Peptides of 20 amino acids or less corresponding to protein helices do not form thermodynamically stable alpha helices in water away from protein environments. The smallest known water-stable right- (alpha(R)) and left- (alpha(L)) handed alpha(More)
Myocardial ischemia and cardioprotection by ischemic pre-conditioning induce signal networks aimed at survival or cell death if the ischemic period is prolonged. These pathways are mediated by protein post-translational modifications that are hypothesized to cross-talk with and regulate each other. Phosphopeptides and lysine-acetylated peptides were(More)
Many proteins exert their biological activities through small exposed surface regions called epitopes that are folded peptides of well-defined three-dimensional structures. Short synthetic peptide sequences corresponding to these bioactive protein surfaces do not form thermodynamically stable protein-like structures in water. However, short peptides can be(More)
The nociceptin opioid peptide receptor (NOP, NOR, ORL-1) is a GPCR that recognizes nociceptin, a 17-residue peptide hormone. Nociceptin regulates pain transmission, learning, memory, anxiety, locomotion, cardiovascular and respiratory stress, food intake, and immunity. Nociceptin was constrained using an optimized helix-inducing cyclization strategy to(More)