Nicholas E. Houstis

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BACKGROUND Exercise capacity as measured by peak oxygen uptake (Vo2) is similarly impaired in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). However, characterization of how each component of Vo2 changes in response to incremental exercise in HFpEF versus HFrEF has not been(More)
Exercise intolerance is one of the cardinal symptoms of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We review its mechanistic basis using evidence from exercise studies. One barrier to a consensus understanding of the pathophysiology is heterogeneity of the patient population. Therefore, we pay special attention to varying study definitions of(More)
Exercise is the archetype of physiologic demands placed on the cardiovascular system. Acute responses provide an informative assessment of cardiovascular function and fitness, while repeated exercise promotes cardiovascular health and evokes important molecular, structural, and functional changes contributing to its effects in primary and secondary(More)
The lack of effective treatments for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction represents a large and growing unmet need in cardiology today. A critical obstacle to therapeutic innovation in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction has been the absence of animal models that accurately recapitulate the complexities of the human disease. Here, we(More)
Background -Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a common syndrome with a pressing shortage of therapies. Exercise intolerance is a cardinal symptom of HFpEF, yet its pathophysiology remains uncertain. Methods -We investigated the mechanism of exercise intolerance in each of 134 patients referred for cardiopulmonary exercise testing(More)
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