Nicholas E. Goeders

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Cocaine stimulates the secretion of corticosterone and ACTH, probably through a CRF-related mechanism, indicating that the drug activates the HPA axis. Indeed, cocaine has been reported to produce anxiety and to precipitate episodes of panic attack during chronic use and withdrawal in humans and to induce anxiogenic behavior in animals. Cocaine also alters(More)
The role of corticosterone in cocaine reinforcement was investigated in rats exposed to either response-contingent electric footshock, noncontingent shock or no shock prior to the initiation of testing for intravenous cocaine self-administration. Although rats from the two shock groups were consistently more sensitive to cocaine, plasma corticosterone was(More)
The experiments described below were designed to investigate whether contingent versus non-contingent electric footshock would affect the acquisition of intravenous cocaine self-administration in rats. During the first component of a multiple schedule, triads of rats were trained to respond under a discrete-trial, fixed-ratio 10 schedule of food(More)
  Rationale: Ketoconazole (Keto) is an antifungal agent that also inhibits the synthesis of adrenocorticosteroids and has been reported to act as a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist. Objective: The present experiments investigated the effects of Keto on the stressor-induced reinstatement of extinguished cocaine-seeking behavior and on the generalization of(More)
Ketoconazole is an oral antimycotic agent approved by the FDA for the treatment of fungal disease which also blocks the synthesis of adrenocorticosteroids and functions as a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist. In these experiments, adult male Wistar rats were allowed alternating 15-min periods of access to food reinforcement and cocaine self-administration(More)
Previous research has suggested the potential involvement of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in psychostimulant reinforcement. In particular, we have found significant correlations between electric footshock-induced increases in plasma corticosterone and the acquisition, or lack thereof, of intravenous cocaine self-administration in rats. The(More)
Neuronal systems involved in the initiation of reinforcement following the response-contingent delivery of cocaine into the medial prefrontal cortex were investigated. Dose-effect analyses demonstrated that different concentrations of cocaine result in distinguishable patterns of self-administration which could be empirically determined by measuring the(More)
Abstract Rationale. We have previously reported that pretreatment with the corticosterone synthesis inhibitor ketoconazole blocks the electric foot-shock-induced reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behavior in rats, suggesting a potential role for the hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis in this animal model of relapse. Objectives. This experiment was(More)
Scientists have been aware of the existence of a complex relationship between stress and the subsequent activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the endocrine and neurobehavioral effects of cocaine for many years now. Our research program has focused on the involvement of HPA axis activation in cocaine reinforcement using the(More)