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The anterior nucleus of thalamus (ANT) is a key component of the hippocampal system for episodic memory. The ANT consist of 3 subnuclei with distinct connectivity with the subicular cortex, retrosplenial cortex, and mammillary bodies. Via its connections with the anterior cingulate and orbitomedial prefrontal cortex, the ANT may also contribute to(More)
Medically refractory epilepsy remains a major medical problem worldwide. Although some patients are eligible for surgical resection of seizure foci, a proportion of patients are ineligible for a variety of reasons. One such reason is that the foci reside in eloquent cortex of the brain and therefore resection would result in significant morbidity. This(More)
Neurons contain different functional somatodendritic and axonal domains, each with a characteristic distribution of voltage-gated ion channels, synaptic inputs, and function. The dendritic tree of a cortical pyramidal neuron has 2 distinct domains, the basal and the apical dendrites, both containing dendritic spines; the different domains of the axon are(More)
A wide range of ocular abnormalities have been documented to occur in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1. The objectives of this study were to investigate the macular and optic nerve morphology using optical coherence tomography in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1. A total of 30 myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients and 28 controls were recruited(More)
A 55-year-old man presented with seizures characterized by "tightening" of the right side and variable loss of awareness. EEG showed focal epileptogenic abnormalities over left and midline central regions. MRI showed left frontal focal cortical dysplasia (figure 1). He had multiple skin lesions (figure 2) and colonoscopy revealed gastrointestinal mucosal(More)
AIMS To audit the care of a consecutive group of acute stroke patients admitted to all District Health Boards (DHBs) in New Zealand. METHODS A clinical audit involving a review of up to 40 consecutive stroke patients treated and discharged from each DHB between 1st of June 2008 and 31st of December 2008. RESULTS The clinical care of 832 patients [400(More)
AIMS To characterise the nature of acute stroke services provided by District Health Boards (DHBs) in New Zealand. METHODS An audit of all 21 DHBs was carried out in 2009 via an online survey examining the structural and process elements of acute stroke service provision. A clinical audit involving a retrospective review of consecutive admitted stroke(More)
A 59-year-old man had a 2-month history of nonfluctuating encephalopathy. He initially presented acutely with fevers, headaches, and word-finding difficulties. The sedimentation rate was elevated with a bland CSF and normal MRI head. Body CT showed diffuse pulmonary interstitial thickening with patchy opacification. Following treatment for pneumonia, there(More)
We conducted a retrospective audit of the outcomes of patients 15 years of age and older from the greater Auckland region who had a diagnosis of encephalitis over a five-year period. Patients were identified via a database search of all patients who had a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) viral polymerase chain reaction (PCR) panel requested between 2005 and 2009.(More)