Nicholas D. Allen

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The Insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2) and H19 genes are reciprocally imprinted and closely linked. Igf2 encodes a fetal growth-factor and is predominantly expressed from the paternal allele, while H19 is expressed from the maternal allele and encodes a transcript which may downregulate cellular proliferation. One of the epigenetic modifications thought to(More)
Expression and DNA methylation of the transgene locus TKZ751 are controlled by genotype-specific modifier genes. The DBA/2 and 129 genetic backgrounds enhanced expression, while the BALB/c background suppressed expression, but only following maternal inheritance of the BALB/c modifier. Epigenetic modification of the transgene locus was cumulative over(More)
Embryonic development entails a well defined temporal and spatial programme of gene expression, which may be influenced by active chromosomal domains. These chromosomal domains can be detected using transgenes which integrate randomly throughout the genome, as their expression can be affected by chromosomal position. Position effects are probably exerted(More)
A method for the production of embryonic stem (ES) cell-embryo chimeras was developed that involves the simple coculture of eight-cell embryos on a lawn of ES cells. After coculture, the embryos with ES cells attached are transferred to normal embryo culture medium and allowed to develop to the blastocyst stage before reimplantation into foster mothers.(More)
During development, spinal cord oligodendrocyte precursors (OPCs) originate from the ventral, but not dorsal, neuroepithelium. Sonic hedgehog (SHH) has crucial effects on oligodendrocyte production in the ventral region of the spinal cord; however, less is known regarding SHH signalling and oligodendrocyte generation from neural stem cells (NSCs). We show(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expanded stretch of CAG trinucleotide repeats that results in neuronal dysfunction and death. Here, The HD Consortium reports the generation and characterization of 14 induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from HD patients and controls. Microarray profiling revealed(More)
Development in mammals is influenced by genome imprinting which results in differences in the expression of some homologous maternal and paternal alleles. This process, initiated in the germline, can continue following fertilization with interactions between oocyte cytoplasmic factors and the parental genomes involving modifier genes. Further epigenetic(More)
While roles in adhesion and morphogenesis have been documented for classical cadherins, the nonclassical cadherins are much less well understood. Here we have examined the functions of the giant protocadherin FAT by generating a transgenic mouse lacking mFAT1. These mice exhibit perinatal lethality, most probably caused by loss of the renal glomerular slit(More)
A systematic analysis of parthenogenetic (PG) cell fate within the central nervous system (CNS) was made throughout fetal development and neonatal and adult life. Chimeras were made between PG embryos carrying a ubiquitously expressed lacZ transgene and normal fertilized embryos. After detailed histological analysis, we find that the developmental potential(More)