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Myocardial infarction (MI) in the "young" is a significant problem, however there is scarcity of data on premature coronary heart disease (CHD) and MI in the "young". This may lead to under-appreciation of important differences that exist between "young" MI patients versus an older cohort. Traditional differences described in the risk factor profile of(More)
Vascular access and subsequent methods to obtain haemostasis are commonly overlooked components of coronary angiography, yet most complications related to diagnostic coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions come from groin bleeds. Most of these complications are minor, leading to bruising and patient discomfort. However, major vascular(More)
In this retrospective review of 5,234 cardiac catheterizations and percutaneous coronary interventions, the rate of vascular complications was highest in extremely thin and morbidly obese patients and lowest in moderately obese patients, consistent with the previously reported "obesity paradox." The use of transradial access and arterial access closure(More)
BACKGROUND Sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) reduce angiographic restenosis in patients with focal, native coronary artery stenoses. This study evaluated the usefulness of SESs in complex native-vessel lesions at high risk for restenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Angiographic follow-up at 240 days was obtained in 701 patients with long (15- to 25-mm) lesions in(More)
BACKGROUND The success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) is relatively low. Further evaluation of CTO lesion with CT coronary angiography (CT-CA) may help to better select patients that would benefit from percutaneous revascularization. We aimed to test the possible association between failed PCI and(More)
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of saphenous vein grafts (SVG) and native coronary arteries may be associated with embolization of particulate debris into the distal microcirculation. The FilterWire uses a polyurethane filter bag contained on a radiopaque loop to trap embolic debris during native vessel and SVG intervention. The objectives of this(More)
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) has a lower success rate than PCI of non-occluded coronary stenosis. Failure to cross the occlusive lesion with a guide wire is the main cause of unsuccessful PCI of a CTO. Multi-imaging modalities may provide valuable information for PCI of CTO. This paper reviews the role of(More)
— This paper addresses the problem of hybrid output regulation for linear systems in the case where the jumps of the system and exosystem state are triggered by a clock variable that is not measured. We extend the result presented in [13] by complementing the hybrid internal model-based regulator design proposed in that paper with a hybrid clock phase(More)
— We consider the hybrid output regulation problem for minimum phase linear systems with relative degree greater than one. In the hybrid output regulation problem, the disturbances, which are assumed to be matched with the control input, evolve through a hybrid dynamical system that experiences jumps periodically. In constructing an output regulator for(More)