Nicholas Coldham

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A wide range of chemicals with diverse structures derived from plant and environmental origins are reported to have hormonal activity. The potential for appreciable exposure of humans to such substances prompts the need to develop sensitive screening methods to quantitate and evaluate the risk to the public. Yeast cells transformed with plasmids encoding(More)
The aromatase complex has a key role in regulating oestrogen formation in normal and malignant breast tissues. Using dexamethasone-treated fibroblasts, derived from breast tumours, breast tumour cytosol and breast tumour-derived conditioned medium (CM) markedly stimulate aromatase activity. The cytokine, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been identified as a factor(More)
The effect of treatment with the aromatase inhibitor, 4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA) on the peripheral conversion of androstenedione to estrone has been examined in eight postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. Before treatment conversion of androstenedione to estrone ([p]AEIBB) ranged from 0.81 to 3.7% and was almost completely inhibited after(More)
Alkylphenols are weak oestrogenic environmental contaminants and have been implicated in the disruption of endocrine function in wildlife. The influence of biotransformation, tissue distribution, and elimination on biological activity was investigated in juvenile rainbow trout following a single iv dose of [3H]4-nonylphenol. Distribution and elimination of(More)
Oestradiol 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (E2DH) has a pivotal role in the regulation of oestradiol (E2) concentrations in normal and malignant breast tissues. Previous studies have suggested that a number of cytokines can stimulate E2DH activity to increase the conversion of oestrone (E1) to E2. In this investigation we have examined the effect of(More)
Biotransformation of the phytoestrogen [14C]genistein was investigated in male and female rats by application of narrow-bore radio-HPLC-MSn (LCQ, Finnigan) to determine intermediates in metabolism. Urine contained five metabolites, Gm1-Gm5, 24 h after dosing by gavage with [14C]genistein (4 mg kg(-1)). Structural analysis following ESI revealed molecular(More)
To better understand the global effects of "natural" lesions in genes involved in the pyruvate metabolism in Mycobacterium bovis, null mutations were made in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv ald and pykA genes to mimic the M. bovis situation. Like M. bovis, the M. tuberculosis DeltapykA mutant yielded dysgonic colonies on solid medium lacking pyruvate,(More)
Oestradiol 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (E2DH) is present in normal and malignant breast tissues and regulates the interconversion of oestrone and the biologically active oestrogen, oestradiol. Studies we have previously carried out have indicated that concentrations of oestradiol and the conversion of oestrone to oestradiol are higher in breast(More)