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Despite the continued presence of growth plates in aged rats, longitudinal growth no longer occurs. The aims of this study were to understand the reasons for the cessation of growth. We studied the growth plates of femurs and tibiae in Wistar rats aged 62-80 weeks and compared these with the corresponding growth plates from rats aged 2-16 weeks. During(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that poor growth during fetal life and infancy is associated with decreased bone mass in adulthood. However, theses observations have not, to date, been corroborated in animal models. To address this issue we evaluated the influence of maternal protein restriction on bone mass and growth plate morphology among the adult(More)
The capacity to deliver, temporally, bioactive growth factors in combination with appropriate progenitor and stem cells to sites of tissue regeneration promoting angiogenesis and osteogenesis offers therapeutic opportunities in regenerative medicine. We have examined the bone regenerative potential of encapsulated vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors report the results of a selective ultrasound screening programme for congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) over a period of 20 years, with the aim of defining the rate of screening, conservative treatment and late presentation requiring surgery. METHODS All neonates born from June 1988 to December 2008 (inclusive) were included in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the abnormal expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 3, 9, and 13 and ADAMTS-4 by human osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes is associated with epigenetic "unsilencing." METHODS Cartilage was obtained from the femoral heads of 16 patients with OA and 10 control patients with femoral neck fracture. Chondrocytes with(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of adenoviral gene transfer into primary human bone marrow osteoprogenitor cells in combination with biodegradeable scaffolds to tissue-engineer bone. Osteoprogenitors were infected with AxCAOBMP-2, a vector carrying the human BMP-2 gene. Alkaline phosphatase activity was induced in C2C12 cells(More)
Chondrocytes at the lower zone of the growth plate must be eliminated to facilitate longitudinal growth; this is generally assumed to involve apoptosis. We attempted to provide definitive electron-microscopic evidence of apoptosis in chondrocytes of physes and chondroepiphyses in the rabbit. We were, however, unable to find a single chondrocyte with the(More)
Regenerating bone tissue involves complex, temporal and coordinated signal cascades of which bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF(165)) play a prominent role. The aim of this study was to determine if the delivery of human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSC) seeded onto VEGF(165)/BMP-2 releasing composite scaffolds(More)
The ability to deliver, over time, biologically active osteogenic growth factors by means of designed scaffolds to sites of tissue regeneration offers tremendous therapeutic opportunities in a variety of musculoskeletal diseases. The aims of this study were to generate porous biodegradable scaffolds encapsulating an osteogenic protein, bone morphogenetic(More)
The ability to generate new bone for skeletal use is a major clinical need. Biomimetic scaffolds that interact and promote osteoblast differentiation and osteogenesis offer a promising approach to the generation of skeletal tissue to resolve this major health-care issue. In this study we examine the ability of surface-modified poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films(More)