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Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the early onset of colorectal cancer and linked to germline defects in at least four mismatch repair genes. Although much has been learned about the molecular pathogenesis of this disease, questions related to effective presymptomatic diagnosis are largely(More)
Recent studies have shown that a locus responsible for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is on chromosome 2p and that tumors developing in these patients contain alterations in microsatellite sequences (RER+ phenotype). We have used chromosome microdissection to obtain highly polymorphic markers from chromosome 2p16. These and other markers(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of man's commonest hereditary diseases. Several studies have implicated a defect in DNA mismatch repair in the pathogenesis of this disease. In particular, hMSH2 and hMLH1 homologues of the bacterial DNA mismatch repair genes mutS and mutL, respectively, were shown to be mutated in a subset of HNPCC(More)
Microsatellite instability has been observed in both sporadic and hereditary forms of colorectal cancer. In the hereditary form, this instability is generally due to germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. However, only one in ten patients with sporadic tumours exhibiting microsatellite instability had a detectable germline mutation. Moreover,(More)
Some cases of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) are due to alterations in a mutS-related mismatch repair gene. A search of a large database of expressed sequence tags derived from random complementary DNA clones revealed three additional human mismatch repair genes, all related to the bacterial mutL gene. One of these genes (hMLH1) resides(More)
By screening members of Finnish families displaying hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) for predisposing germline mutations in MSH2 and MLH1, we show that two mutations in MLH1 together account for 63% (19/30) of kindreds meeting international diagnostic criteria. Mutation 1, originally detected as a 165-base pair deletion in MLH1 cDNA(More)
The molecular defects responsible for tumor cell hypermutability in humans have not yet been fully identified. Here the gene encoding a G/T mismatch-binding protein (GTBP) was localized to within 1 megabase of the related hMSH2 gene on chromosome 2 and was found to be inactivated in three hypermutable cell lines. Unlike cells defective in other mismatch(More)
The hPMS2 gene (HGMW-approved symbol PMS2) encodes a mutL homolog that causes hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) when inherited in mutant form. We have here characterized the genomic structure of the hPMS2 gene to facilitate its analysis in HNPCC kindreds. The hPMS2 genomic locus was found to encompass 16 kb and consist of 15 exons. During its(More)
Asthma is a complex heritable inflammatory disorder of the airways associated with clinical signs of atopy and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Recent studies localized a major gene for asthma to chromosome 5q31-q33 in humans. Thus, this segment of the genome represents a candidate region for genes that determine susceptibility to bronchial(More)
The highly restricted distribution of human folate receptor-alpha (FRalpha) in normal tissues and its high expression in some tumors, along with its putative role in tumor cell transformation, make this antigen a suitable target for antigen-specific, monoclonal antibody-based immunotherapy for oncology indications. We have developed a therapeutic humanized(More)