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OBJECTIVE To provide recommendations for the core outcome domains that should be considered by investigators conducting clinical trials of the efficacy and effectiveness of treatments for chronic pain. Development of a core set of outcome domains would facilitate comparison and pooling of data, encourage more complete reporting of outcomes, simplify the(More)
The 1980 cohort of the Australian Twin Registry contains 3808 pairs of twins, 258 of whom self reported a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in one or both subjects. Seventy two pairs were lost to follow up by 1990. The remaining 186 pairs received a self administered questionnaire, followed, if necessary, by telephone interviews to them, their general(More)
A number of pharmacologic treatments examined in recent randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have failed to show statistically significant superiority to placebo in conditions in which their efficacy had previously been demonstrated. Assuming the validity of previous evidence of efficacy and the comparability of the patients and outcome measures in these(More)
There has been an increase in the number of chronic pain clinical trials in which the treatments being evaluated did not differ significantly from placebo in the primary efficacy analyses despite previous research suggesting that efficacy could be expected. These findings could reflect a true lack of efficacy or methodological and other aspects of these(More)
The increasing complexity of randomized clinical trials and the practice of obtaining a wide variety of measurements from study participants have made the consideration of multiple endpoints a critically important issue in the design, analysis, and interpretation of clinical trials. Failure to consider important outcomes can limit the validity and utility(More)
BACKGROUND Strontium ranelate is currently used for osteoporosis. The international, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled Strontium ranelate Efficacy in Knee OsteoarthrItis triAl evaluated its effect on radiological progression of knee osteoarthritis. METHODS Patients with knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren and Lawrence grade 2 or 3, and joint space(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a standardized protocol for measurement of shoulder movements using a gravity inclinometer designed for use in clinical trials, and to assess its intra- and interrater reliability in a group of manipulative physiotherapists. METHODS After instruction, 6 manipulative physiotherapists independently assessed 8 movements of the shoulder,(More)
BACKGROUND Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) without frank neurological disturbance has been linked to persistent physical, cognitive, and affective disturbances in some cases. The cognitive sequelae of this syndrome represent the most frequently studied symptoms, yet the legacy of such injuries on communicative functions remains largely undetermined. (More)
In order to investigate the genetic and environmental antecedents of osteoarthritis (OA), self-report measures of joint pain, stiffness and swelling were obtained from a population-based sample of 1242 twin pairs over 50 years of age. In order to provide validation for these self-report measures, a subsample of 118 twin pairs were examined according to the(More)