Nicholas Avrion Mitchison

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Reactive arthritis (ReA) and Lyme arthritis together comprise a pair of chronic inflammatory diseases of the joints. Although differing in detail, these relatively rare diseases are related in their immunopathology to the much commoner rheumatoid arthritis (RA), for which they serve as both model and control. The trigger for rheumatoid arthritis is unknown,(More)
The functional significance of polymorphism among MHC class II promoters in man and mouse is here reviewed, mainly in terms of the hypothesis of differential expression. The hypothesis proposes that differences between antigen-presenting cells in MHC class II expression exert a co-dominant effect on the Th1-Th2 cytokine balance, such that class II molecules(More)
To compare variation in regulatory and coding DNA, promoter sequences have been obtained from wild-derived mice and laboratory rats. The sequences are from the proximal promoter of the H2Aa, H2Ab, H2Eb, and H2K genes of 24 wild-derived inbred strains and a sample of the corresponding exon 2 sequences and of the RT1.Ba gene of six strains of laboratory rat.(More)
Astrocytes have many functions in the central nervous system (CNS). They support differentiation and homeostasis of neurons and influence synaptic activity. They are responsible for formation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and make up the glia limitans. Here, we review their contribution to neuroimmune interactions and in particular to those induced by(More)
Modification of cancer cells likely to reduce their immunogenicity, including loss or down-regulation of MHC molecules, is now well documented and has become the main support for the concept of immune surveillance. The evidence that these modifications, in fact, result from selection by the immune system is less clear, since the possibility that they may(More)
Type II collagen (CII) is of immunological interest because of its repetitive structure and properties as an autoantigen. The mouse gene has recently been cloned, thus enabling T cell-defined epitopes to be identified. Multiple novel epitopes on mouse CII are here detected in the autoreactive T cell response. The major response is directed to an epitope(More)