Nicholas Anthony Athanasou

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We report 17 patients (20 hips) in whom metal-on-metal resurfacing had been performed and who presented with various symptoms and a soft-tissue mass which we termed a pseudotumour. Each patient underwent plain radiography and in some, CT, MRI and ultrasonography were also performed. In addition, histological examination of available samples was undertaken.(More)
A prospective study was performed to establish criteria for the microbiological diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection at elective revision arthroplasty. Patients were treated in a multidisciplinary unit dedicated to the management and study of musculoskeletal infection. Standard multiple samples of periprosthetic tissue were obtained at surgery, Gram(More)
Physiological and pathological bone resorption is mediated by osteoclasts, multinucleated cells which are formed by the fusion of monocyte / macrophage precursors. The canonical pathway of osteoclast formation requires the presence of the receptor activator for NFkappaB ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF). Non-canonical pathways(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-11 (IL-11) are known to influence osteoclast formation and bone resorption. In order to determine whether IL-6 and IL-11 could independently support human osteoclast formation, these factors were added to cultures of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the monocyte (CD14(+)) fraction in the presence of macrophage(More)
Several lines of indirect evidence suggest that a monocyte family precursor gives rise to the osteoclast, although this hypothesis is controversial. Starting with a uniform population of nonspecific esterase positive, tartrate-sensitive, acid phosphatase-producing, mannose receptor-bearing mononuclear cells, prepared from dispersed marrow of(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue necrosis and a macrophage and perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate are commonly seen in periprosthetic tissues around metal-on-metal hip resurfacing implants, including pseudotumors associated with these implants. The purpose of the present study was to correlate pathological changes in periprosthetic tissues with clinical findings and the(More)
AIM To characterise the number and nature of the inflammatory cells seen in cases of septic or aseptic loosening of hip arthroplasty, and to establish reliable histological criteria to distinguish between these two conditions. METHODS Histological examination of paraffin sections of periprosthetic tissues (pseudocapsule, femoral and acetabular(More)
Symptomatic abnormal periprosthetic soft-tissue reactions ("pseudotumors") have been reported after metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (MoMHRA). The aims of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic pseudotumors after MoMHRA and (2) to measure metal ion levels in these patients. A total of 201 hips in 158 patients were(More)
TNFalpha and IL-1alpha are potent stimulators of bone resorption in vivo and in vitro. Recently, it has been demonstrated that these two cytokines directly induce osteoclastogenesis in mouse marrow cultures. This study determined whether TNFalpha (+/- IL-1alpha) is also capable of inducing human osteoclastogenesis. The CD14(+) monocyte fraction of human(More)
Resurfacing metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty is increasing in popularity, especially in younger patients. To date, studies indicate that the procedure is associated with a good outcome in the medium-term. Formation of a peri-articuar mass is a rarely reported complication. In this study we analyse the imaging findings in patients with resurfacing implants(More)