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The nonpigmented epithelium (NPE) of the ciliary body represents an important component of the blood-aqueous barrier of the eye. Many therapeutic drugs penetrate poorly across the NPE into the aqueous humor of the eye interior. Several of these therapeutic drugs, such as methotrexate, vincristine, and etoposide, are substrates of the multidrug(More)
The response of sodium, potassium-adenosine triphosphatase (Na,K-ATPase) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase was examined in membranes obtained from rabbit iris-ciliary body. In the presence of the protein kinase together with 10(-5) M cAMP, Na,K-ATPase activity was reduced. No change in Na,K-ATPase activity was detected in(More)
ATPase activity was measured in samples of freshly dissected rabbit ciliary epithelium. The epithelium was ruptured in distilled water, frozen briefly, and incubated at 37 degrees C in a buffer containing 100 mM NaCl and 32P-labeled adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The rate of ATP hydrolysis by the epithelium was linear for as long as 45 min. Ouabain (1 mM)(More)
1. The concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in frog and bovine lenses showed a normal intracellular ion distribution with the sum of the internal cations approximately equal to the external sum. In the cephalopod lens, however, the sum inside was much lower than that outside.2. The membrane potentials of frog, Sepiola and bovine lenses were -63,(More)
PURPOSE In an earlier study it was reported that thrombin significantly reduces the rate of Na,K-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase)-mediated ion transport by porcine lens. Because thrombin stimulates the release of endogenous endothelin (ET)-1 stores from some tissues, and because ET-1 can cause Na,K-ATPase inhibition, this study was designed to determine(More)
Previous studies show Src family kinase (SFK) activation is involved in a response that stimulates Na,K-ATPase. Here, we tested whether SFK activation is involved in the Na,K-ATPase response to endothelin-1 (ET-1). Intact porcine lenses were exposed to 100 nM ET-1 for 5-30 min. Then, the epithelium was removed and used for Na,K-ATPase activity measurement(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitors lower the rate of aqueous humor (AH) secretion into the eye. Different CA isozymes might play different roles in the response. Here we have studied the effects of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors on cytoplasmic pH (pHi) regulation, using a dextran-bound CA inhibitor (DBI) to selectively inhibit membrane-associated CA in a(More)
Recent investigations demonstrate increased Na/H exchanger-1 (NHE-1) activity and plasma levels of ouabain-like factor in spontaneously hypertensive rats. At nanomolar concentrations, ouabain increases Na-K-ATPase activity, induces cell proliferation, and activates complex signaling cascades. We hypothesize that the activity of NHE-1 and Na-K-ATPase are(More)
In several tissues, transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels are involved in the response to hyposmotic challenge. Here we report TRPV4 protein in porcine lens epithelium and show that TRPV4 activation is an important step in the response of the lens to hyposmotic stress. Hyposmotic solution (200 mosM) elicited ATP release from intact(More)
This review highlights recent findings that describ how purines modulate the physiological and pathophysiological responses of ocular tissues. For example, in lacrimal glands the cross-talk between P2X7 receptors and both M3 muscarinic receptors and α1D-adrenergic receptors can influence tear secretion. In the cornea, purines lead to post-translational(More)