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PURPOSE In an earlier study it was reported that thrombin significantly reduces the rate of Na,K-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase)-mediated ion transport by porcine lens. Because thrombin stimulates the release of endogenous endothelin (ET)-1 stores from some tissues, and because ET-1 can cause Na,K-ATPase inhibition, this study was designed to determine(More)
Previous studies show Src family kinase (SFK) activation is involved in a response that stimulates Na,K-ATPase. Here, we tested whether SFK activation is involved in the Na,K-ATPase response to endothelin-1 (ET-1). Intact porcine lenses were exposed to 100 nM ET-1 for 5-30 min. Then, the epithelium was removed and used for Na,K-ATPase activity measurement(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitors lower the rate of aqueous humor (AH) secretion into the eye. Different CA isozymes might play different roles in the response. Here we have studied the effects of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors on cytoplasmic pH (pHi) regulation, using a dextran-bound CA inhibitor (DBI) to selectively inhibit membrane-associated CA in a(More)
Recent investigations demonstrate increased Na/H exchanger-1 (NHE-1) activity and plasma levels of ouabain-like factor in spontaneously hypertensive rats. At nanomolar concentrations, ouabain increases Na-K-ATPase activity, induces cell proliferation, and activates complex signaling cascades. We hypothesize that the activity of NHE-1 and Na-K-ATPase are(More)
Cardiotonic glycosides, like ouabain, inhibit Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. Recent evidence suggests that low molar concentrations of ouabain alter cell growth. Studies were conducted to examine the effect of ouabain on Akt phosphorylation and rate of cell proliferation in opossum kidney (OK) proximal tubule cells. Cells exposed to 10 nM ouabain displayed increased(More)
PURPOSE Maintenance of calcium homeostasis is imperative for the clarity of the lens. Ca(2+)-ATPase is essential for the removal of cytosolic calcium, either across the plasma membrane or through intracellular organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum. In this study, membranes prepared from clear lens epithelium were compared to membranes prepared from(More)
In several tissues, transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels are involved in the response to hyposmotic challenge. Here we report TRPV4 protein in porcine lens epithelium and show that TRPV4 activation is an important step in the response of the lens to hyposmotic stress. Hyposmotic solution (200 mosM) elicited ATP release from intact(More)
Na,K-ATPase is responsible for maintaining the correct concentrations of sodium and potassium in lens cells. Na,K-ATPase activity is different in the two cell types that make up the lens, epithelial cells and fibers; specific activity in the epithelium is higher than in fibers. In some parts of the fiber mass Na,K-ATPase activity is barely detectable. There(More)
PURPOSE Tyrosine phosphorylation regulates many aspects of cell function; thus, cells that have different roles often display different patterns of tyrosine phosphorylation. Because there is interest in differential function of the anterior and equatorial regions of the lens epithelium, studies were conducted to compare tyrosine phosphorylation in the two(More)
This review highlights recent findings that describ how purines modulate the physiological and pathophysiological responses of ocular tissues. For example, in lacrimal glands the cross-talk between P2X7 receptors and both M3 muscarinic receptors and α1D-adrenergic receptors can influence tear secretion. In the cornea, purines lead to post-translational(More)