Nicholas A. Delamere

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The nonpigmented epithelium (NPE) of the ciliary body represents an important component of the blood-aqueous barrier of the eye. Many therapeutic drugs penetrate poorly across the NPE into the aqueous humor of the eye interior. Several of these therapeutic drugs, such as methotrexate, vincristine, and etoposide, are substrates of the multidrug(More)
1. The concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in frog and bovine lenses showed a normal intracellular ion distribution with the sum of the internal cations approximately equal to the external sum. In the cephalopod lens, however, the sum inside was much lower than that outside.2. The membrane potentials of frog, Sepiola and bovine lenses were -63,(More)
In several tissues, transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels are involved in the response to hyposmotic challenge. Here we report TRPV4 protein in porcine lens epithelium and show that TRPV4 activation is an important step in the response of the lens to hyposmotic stress. Hyposmotic solution (200 mosM) elicited ATP release from intact(More)
PURPOSE To measure the activity of membrane-associated carbonic anhydrase (CA) in cultured rabbit nonpigmented epithelial (NPE) cells, determine its identity and its sensitivity to extracellular trypsin, and compare the ability of acetazolamide and a cell-impermeant dextran-bound CA inhibitor to change cytoplasmic pH. METHODS Studies were conducted using(More)
This study evaluated poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition as a new therapeutic approach for peripheral diabetic neuropathy using clinically relevant animal model and endpoints, and nitrotyrosine (NT), TNF-alpha, and nitrite/nitrate as potential biomarkers of the disease. Control and streptozotocin-diabetic rats were maintained with or without(More)
PURPOSE It has been established that Na,K-ATPase activity is higher in lens epithelium than fibers. However, others have suggested the Na,K-ATPase enzyme may be inactive or absent in the central 10% of the epithelium. Studies were conducted to measure and compare Na,K-ATPase specific activity and to examine Na,K-ATPase protein expression in the anterior and(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) inhibits Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity through protein kinase C- (PKC) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase- (ERK) dependent pathways and increases serine phosphorylation of the alpha(1)-subunit. To determine whether specific serine phosphorylation sites within the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase alpha(1)-subunit are involved in the(More)
The response of sodium, potassium-adenosine triphosphatase (Na,K-ATPase) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase was examined in membranes obtained from rabbit iris-ciliary body. In the presence of the protein kinase together with 10(-5) M cAMP, Na,K-ATPase activity was reduced. No change in Na,K-ATPase activity was detected in(More)
ATPase activity was measured in samples of freshly dissected rabbit ciliary epithelium. The epithelium was ruptured in distilled water, frozen briefly, and incubated at 37 degrees C in a buffer containing 100 mM NaCl and 32P-labeled adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The rate of ATP hydrolysis by the epithelium was linear for as long as 45 min. Ouabain (1 mM)(More)
PURPOSE Maintenance of calcium homeostasis is imperative for the clarity of the lens. Ca(2+)-ATPase is essential for the removal of cytosolic calcium, either across the plasma membrane or through intracellular organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum. In this study, membranes prepared from clear lens epithelium were compared to membranes prepared from(More)