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PURPOSE In an earlier study it was reported that thrombin significantly reduces the rate of Na,K-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase)-mediated ion transport by porcine lens. Because thrombin stimulates the release of endogenous endothelin (ET)-1 stores from some tissues, and because ET-1 can cause Na,K-ATPase inhibition, this study was designed to determine(More)
In several tissues, transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels are involved in the response to hyposmotic challenge. Here we report TRPV4 protein in porcine lens epithelium and show that TRPV4 activation is an important step in the response of the lens to hyposmotic stress. Hyposmotic solution (200 mosM) elicited ATP release from intact(More)
PURPOSE The lens epithelium is thought to conduct Na-K transport for the entire lens cell mass. Lens fibers have a poor ion transport capacity. The authors tested whether different Na,K-ATPase polypeptides are expressed in the two cell types and whether both cells have the machinery needed for ongoing Na,K-ATPase expression as judged by the presence of mRNA(More)
Cardiotonic glycosides, like ouabain, inhibit Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. Recent evidence suggests that low molar concentrations of ouabain alter cell growth. Studies were conducted to examine the effect of ouabain on Akt phosphorylation and rate of cell proliferation in opossum kidney (OK) proximal tubule cells. Cells exposed to 10 nM ouabain displayed increased(More)
PURPOSE It has been established that Na,K-ATPase activity is higher in lens epithelium than fibers. However, others have suggested the Na,K-ATPase enzyme may be inactive or absent in the central 10% of the epithelium. Studies were conducted to measure and compare Na,K-ATPase specific activity and to examine Na,K-ATPase protein expression in the anterior and(More)
Na,K-ATPase is responsible for maintaining the correct concentrations of sodium and potassium in lens cells. Na,K-ATPase activity is different in the two cell types that make up the lens, epithelial cells and fibers; specific activity in the epithelium is higher than in fibers. In some parts of the fiber mass Na,K-ATPase activity is barely detectable. There(More)
As adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) released from astrocytes can modulate many neural signaling systems, the triggers and pathways for this ATP release are important. Here, the ability of mechanical strain to trigger ATP release through pannexin channels and the effects of sustained strain on pannexin expression were examined in rat optic nerve head(More)
This review highlights recent findings that describ how purines modulate the physiological and pathophysiological responses of ocular tissues. For example, in lacrimal glands the cross-talk between P2X7 receptors and both M3 muscarinic receptors and α1D-adrenergic receptors can influence tear secretion. In the cornea, purines lead to post-translational(More)
PURPOSE Elevated intraocular pressure is associated with glaucomatous optic nerve damage. Other investigators have shown functional changes in optic nerve head astrocytes subjected to elevated hydrostatic pressure (HP) for 1 to 5 days. Recently, the authors reported ERK1/2, p90(RSK) and NHE1 phosphorylation after 2 hours. Here they examine calcium responses(More)
PURPOSE The specific activity of sodium-potassium-adenosine triphosphatase (Na-K-ATPase) in lens fiber cells is lower than the specific activity in lens epithelium. To test whether there is a reduction in the expression of Na-K-ATPase molecules in lens fibers, a Western blot technique was used. METHODS Membrane material was isolated from different regions(More)