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We explored transcriptional responses of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe to various environmental stresses. DNA microarrays were used to characterize changes in expression profiles of all known and predicted genes in response to five stress conditions: oxidative stress caused by hydrogen peroxide, heavy metal stress caused by cadmium, heat shock(More)
The atf1+ gene of Schizosaccharomyces pombe encodes a bZIP transcription factor with strong homology to the mammalian factor ATF-2. ATF-2 is regulated through phosphorylation in mammalian cells by the stress-activated mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases SAPK/JNK and p38. We show here that the fission yeast Atf1 factor is also regulated by a(More)
The role of the YAP1 transcription factor in the response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells to a variety of conditions that induce oxidative stress has been investigated. Cells deficient in YAP1 were found to be hypersensitive to hydroperoxides and thioloxidants, whereas overexpression of YAP1 conferred hyper-resistance to the same conditions. These(More)
The ATF-2 transcription factor can mediate adenovirus E1A-inducible transcriptional activation. Deletion analysis has indicated that the N-terminal region of ATF-2 is essential for this response. Furthermore, the N-terminus can activate transcription in the absence of E1A when fused to a heterologous DNA binding domain. However, in the intact protein this(More)
The YAP1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a bZIP-containing transcription factor that is essential for the normal response of cells to oxidative stress. Under stress conditions, the activity of yAP-1 is increased, leading to the induced expression of a number of target genes encoding protective enzymes or molecules. We have examined the mechanism of(More)
We describe the identification and characterization of a transcription factor encoded by the atf1+ gene of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The factor Atf1, contains a bZIP domain at its C-terminus with strong homology to members of the ATF/CREB family of mammalian factors and in vitro binds specifically to ATF/CRE recognition sites. Furthermore(More)
Cellular protection against oxidative damage is relevant to ageing and numerous diseases. We analyzed the diversity of genome-wide gene expression programs and their regulation in response to various types and doses of oxidants in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. A small core gene set, regulated by the AP-1-like factor Pap1p and the two-component regulator Prr1p,(More)
The transcription factor Pap1 and the MAP kinase Sty1 are key regulators of hydrogen peroxide-induced responses in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Pap1 can be activated quickly at low, but not high, hydrogen peroxide concentrations. The MAP kinase Sty1 has been reported to participate in Pap1 activation by the oxidant. Here, we provide biochemical and genetic(More)
The Atf1 transcription factor plays a vital role in the ability of Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells to respond to various stress conditions. It regulates the expression of many genes in a stress-dependent manner, and its function is dependent upon the stress-activated MAPK, Sty1/Spc1. Moreover, Atf1 is directly phosphorylated by Sty1. Here we have(More)
The passage of mammalian cells through the restriction point into the S phase of the cell cycle is regulated by the activities of Cdk4 and Cdk6 complexed with the D-type cyclins and by cyclin E/Cdk2. The activities of these holoenzymes are constrained by CDK inhibitory proteins. The importance of the restriction point is illustrated by its deregulation in(More)